fragmented.ME …
gadgets …,  reviews ...,  smart devices …

review: FitBit sense …

Reading time: 9 Minutes

Review : FitBit Sense …

✿ ✿ ✿ ✿ ✿ ✿ ✿

FitBit Sense ...

Introduction …

The following is a review of the FitBit Sense. Bought because, as someone with ME and someone who always has PEM, after reading about aerobic and anaerobic threshold, I decided that I would try and stay within my own threshold in order to avoid PEM every single day. I had previously owned the Fitbit Versa (original) and then the Versa (2), so the Sense was pretty familiar to me. And after a little bit of research I realised that I can do a lot more with the Fitbit Sense in terms of aerobic threshold. Therefore, I went ahead and bought the FitBit Sense, through QVC, using their easy pay option, and with QVC you get 30 days to try it out and if you don’t like it you can return it for a full refund, excluding postage, with no obligation to explain why. However, this one is my favourite so far and I will be keeping it. much better made.

What is FitBit Sense …

FitBit Sense is the advanced health smartwatch that helps you tune in to your body with tools for stress management, heart health, SpO2, skin temperature & more. Includes a 6-month free Premium trial for new Premium users. (taken from FitBit UK)

Main Features … (taken from product website, can be skipped ↴)

The FitBit Sense is classed as a health watch and offers lots of health features. FitBit claim it’s their most advanced health smartwatch, with innovative new sensors, like the world’s first electrodermal activity (EDA) sensor to help manage stress, along with advanced heart rate tracking technology, new ECG app and an on-wrist skin temperature sensor, all powered by 6+ days’ battery life. Plus it comes with a free 6-month Premium trial for even more insight into your stress, new mindfulness content, and a new Health Metrics Dashboard to help you track key trends in your health and wellbeing, like heart rate variability (HRV), breathing rate, and oxygen saturation (SpO2).

State-of-the-Art Stress Management Experience 

Stress is a global issue, with one in three of people experiencing a lot of worry or stress, as well as psychological and physiological symptoms caused by stress.⁷ And, over time, if unmanaged, the physical strain from chronic stress can have negative health impacts including an increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Sense is the first smartwatch to feature an electrodermal activity (EDA) sensor to help you manage your stress and is paired with a new, multifaceted in-app stress management experience that aims to educate, assess, and manage your stress over time. The comprehensive experience includes an EDA Scan app and guided mindfulness sessions, a daily Stress Management Score, and new mindfulness content. Reflections keep track of your emotional well-being by reporting on your mood, from Very Calm to Very Stressed, to help build awareness of how you are feeling over time.

EDA Scan App on-wrist. After starting a session on the EDA Scan app on Sense, stay still and cover the watch with your palm to detect your body’s response to stress, measured by small electrical changes in the sweat level of your skin. Measuring your EDA responses can help you understand your body’s response to stressors and help you manage your stress. You can do a quick EDA Scan session on device to see your responses, or pair it with guided mindfulness sessions in the Fitbit app to see how your body responds during meditation or relaxation. At the end of your session, you will see an EDA response graph on-device and in the mobile app to gauge your progress over time and reflect on how you feel emotionally.

Reflections on your stress. You’ll get prompted to log your mood after mindfulness sessions and once during the day (you’ll need to opt-in for the daily reminder). This new feature will help you build an awareness of your emotional states, as well as give you an understanding of when you feel your best. You always have the option to reflect on your stress within the new Stress Management Tile, a new tile exclusive to Fitbit Sense, built to help users learn to manage their stress.

Stress Management Score. In the stress management tile, you’ll find your Stress Management Score, which helps you understand if your body is showing signs of stress on a daily basis. Your score ranges from 1 to 100—a higher number means you’re showing fewer physical signs of stress. It’s calculated based on three metrics: responsiveness (how much strain your body is under), exertion balance (impact of your activity), and sleep patterns (how well you’ve been sleeping).

New Mindfulness tile in-app. Available to all users,the new Mindfulness Tile will focus on giving you the tools to build a mindfulness practice by recommending guided breathing, meditation, and yoga sessions. Plus, it’ll track your Mindful Minutes—or amount of time spent on mindfulness sessions—and celebrate your Mindful Minute streaks.  And with Premium, you’ll get 100+ guided meditations and audio tracks to calm your mind day or night, including four additional sessions designed specifically with your EDA Scan app.

New Heart Health Features 

Heart rhythm assessment with the Fitbit ECG app. The compatible ECG app on Fitbit Sense assesses a user’s heart rhythm for signs of atrial fibrillation (AFib)—a heart rhythm irregularity that  affects more than 33.5 million people globally. Simply hold your fingers on the corners of the stainless steel ring around the watch while being still for 30 seconds to receive a reading that can be downloaded to share with your doctor (available in the assessments and report section of your profile).

High and low heart rate notifications. Fitbit’s new PurePulse 2.0 technology, with an all-new multi-path heart rate sensor and updated algorithm, powers another critical heart health feature—personalized, on-device high and low heart rate notifications. With 24/7 continuous heart rate tracking, Fitbit Sense can detect and send a notification if your heart rate is outside of your thresholds. While many factors can affect your heart rate, like stress or temperature, a high or low heart rate may be an indication of a heart condition that requires medical attention, such as bradycardia (heart rate that is too slow) and tachycardia (heart rate that is too fast).

Tune Into Your Body with New Health Metrics

On-wrist skin temperature sensor. Sense is our first device with an on-wrist skin temperature sensor to help you discover when there are variations from your baseline. Understanding your skin temperature variations may help you identify changes to your body, such as the potential onset of a fever or ovulation.

If you want to see how your skin temperature varied throughout the night, your Premium membership unlocks minute-by-minute skin temperature analysis. 

Oxygen saturation (SpO2) monitoring. Our bodies distribute oxygenated blood to every part of our body—and SpO2 is the level of oxygen in your blood. With the SpO2 clock face, your Fitbit Sense will track your average SpO2 levels while you’re sleeping. With a Premium subscription, you can then track your trends over time in the Health Metrics dashboard within the Fitbit app to see when there may be indications of important changes in your fitness and wellness. 

Coming Soon: Health Metrics dashboard. The Fitbit app now helps you track even more health metrics—not just skin temperature and SpO2, but also breathing rate, resting heart rate, and heart rate variability—important information that can help you uncover trends and changes to your well-being. The new dashboard will be available soon with Fitbit Premium, and is included with your free 6-month Premium trial.

Access to Advanced Insights 

6-month Fitbit Premium trial. Sense includes a 6-month trial of Fitbit Premium so you can discover patterns and insights from your Fitbit data and get personalized guidance to reveal a healthier, stronger you.

Other Standout Features 

On Fitbit Sense, you can expect everything you love about Fitbit, including 6+ days battery life; water resistance up to 50 meters; step and distance tracking with built-in GPS; sleep tracking and insights (like Sleep Score); 24/7 heart rate tracking; Active Zone Minutes; 20+ exercise modes; text, call, and app notifications; and on-wrist apps, like Find My Phone. 

Plus, exciting news for those who love the convenience of a voice assistant on your Fitbit watch: You can now manage your routine with the choice of Google Assistant or Amazon Alexa Built-in. Use your voice assistant to support your active lifestyle: start a Fitbit Exercise on-wrist, find the nearest gym, even learn the nutritional value of an avocado.

Leading Edge Design 

Biosensor core. Temperature, heart rate tracking, and SpO2 tracking all take place in this powerful, water-resistant (up to 50 meters) hub on the back of your new Fitbit Sense. 

The new biosensor core fuses glass and metal into a single, waterproof plate—an advanced process that’s used on aircraft and submarines. 

Premium materials. Our first device to feature a stainless steel frame, Sense not only has a premium look, but these materials serve an important role by functioning as electrodes for the biosensor core. The stainless steel frame serves as a qualified input for the compatible Fitbit ECG app to assess your heart rhythm for signs of AFib.

Infinity band. This new flexible infinity band is sleek, low profile, light, and comfortable. Plus, it looks like the future, doesn’t it? 

Impressions & Experience …

Initially, I had very high hopes for using the Sense to better stay within my anaerobic threshold. But I quickly realised that although the FitBit’s sales write-up and images show you can get a vibration notification when your heart rate reaches a certain threshold, all I could find was how to set this up for heart rate during exercise, not at all times, which was what I needed. And so I still had to download an additional app to actually make the watch work for me in the way I wanted it to work. Something I could’ve done on my Versa 2.

In time, I realised that using the app to monitor my heart rate was draining the watch battery. It was only lasting for four days instead of the claimed six. And without the additional app activated my battery definitely was lasting well over six days. On a personal note, I also realised is that it’s no wonder I have PEM every single day, because I was going over my anaerobic threshold by just sitting up. I’m afraid that’s how sick I am. And so I switched off the app because it was a constant reminder of how poorly I am, something I didn’t want to accept. But which I guess was the original idea for buying the watch. That said, I found it quite annoying always vibrating at me and disheartening to realise I have been doing way more than I am capable of.

Finally, although the above may seem like negatives for the FitBit Sense I did decided I would keep it. Mostly because, I liked how it looked and I did like all the functions and the free six months premium app access. And also because I will use it to stay within my safe HR threshold, I just need to accept where I’m at, in terms of my ME sickness level and all that goes with that, first.

See below for my most important pros and cons in relation to the FitBit Sense.

The Important Bits …

8.86 / 10 review score
FitBit Sense~ item ~
£299.00~ RRP ~
YES~ recommend ~
Pros ...

what I found especially good about the FitBit Sense ...

  • better style than previous versions, looks very sleek
  • 6+ days battery
  • great watch memory (so if you’re ill and can’t sync with the app you have 7 days catch up detailed stuff and 30 days for totals before you lose anything)
  • stores heart rate data at one-second intervals during exercise tracking and at five-second intervals all other times
  • links to smart phone and vibrates when you get text message or phone call
  • I’m not allergic to the standard strap (all the other FitBit devices I’ve owned I have had an allergy to the straps, and had to change them to leather at great expense, but this time they seem to have changed the material on the band and my skin can cope with it)
  • it comes with six months free FitBit premium app service, which I have found extremely useful (it gives you lots more detailed data than on the free version) (I haven’t decided whether I’m going to continue to pay for it however it does have lots of options like extra mindfulness / meditation, in fact I can’t even begin to mention how many additional options it has, but it’s been extremely useful)
Cons ...

what I found especially bad about the FitBit Sense ...

  • the watch still needs an additional app to monitor HR outside of exercise and below 100 beats per minute
  • cost, almost double what I paid for my original Versa but not double the functionality
  • I won’t use half the options available
  • FitBit premium health app costs £9.99 per month, or £77.99 a year (if you can afford it), on top of the watch price; it is way too much (all app functionality should come as part of the package)
  • the cost of the watch bands is extortionate too, surely they don’t cost that much to make!
  • right now the only two options for the watch are carbon or lunar white and the options available for the watch bands are very limited too, leaving little opportunity for personality expression, which disappoints me (I really wanted a rose pink gold watch with a pale pink band)
  • it isn’t specifically designed for chronically sick people who want to monitor their vital signs, it’s designed for well people who want to exercise
Summary ...

Initially, I was rather disappointed with this smart watch. Firstly, because I bought it to manage my aerobic threshold. And on investigating further the only heart rate alert you can put in is for when you are exercising, which is obviously not for somebody with ME (just getting up is exercise). And so to use this function you would have to walk, or do some kind of exercise, and be active all the time for the vibration to kick in. Secondly, the vibration alert only works above 100 beats per minute and when I worked out my aerobic and anaerobic threshold my HR notification should have been anything above 85 (anything above that is going to give me PEM), 90 at the highest, and the lowest you could have the heart rate was 100. So either way, I still had to install an additional app, which worked extremely well but I wanted it to work seamlessly out of the box with no extra apps. So that was a disappointment.

I would love to see someone develop a smart watch specifically for chronically sick people, especially for people with ME. So that we can pace ourselves better and stop running on adrenaline and in anaerobic states. We would be able to consolidate our initial level of health, at diagnosis, and not make ourselves any sicker.

That sound like my dream ...

Points to note when considering buying the FitBit Sense ...

  • ✓ it looks better finished than previous versions
  • ✓ plenty of functionality
  • ✓ great battery life
  • ✕ initial cost of watch
  • ✕ ongoing cost to be able he to have access to all app functionality
  • ✕ not perfect for monitoring health conditions

Somebody please design a smart watch, and complimentary app, for the chronically sick, especially those with mitochondria affected conditions, that will allow us to find our aerobic and anaerobic threshold in order for us to stay within it, preserving what functionality we have ...

value for money ...6.75
usability for ME/CFS ...7.75
easy setup ...9.5
features ...9.75
quality ...9.25
style ...9.25
battery life ...10
app ...8.75
overall impression ...8.75

FitBit Sense ...

Comparisons …

compare ...
8.81 review score
value for money ...
usability for ME/CFS ...
easy setup ...
features ...
quality ...
style ...
battery life ...
app ...
overall impression ...
8.86 review score
value for money ...
usability for ME/CFS ...
easy setup ...
features ...
quality ...
style ...
battery life ...
app ...
overall impression ...

Alternatives …

There are many smart watch contenders out there. The main one being the Apple Watch. But for me the price was too high and the battery life to little. However, I would eventually love an Apple iWatch.


I bought the FitBit Sense with my own money and all the views and opinions stated are my own. Anything in the review should not be used as law, it is simply my own honest and personal opinion. It is not medical advice, I am not medically qualified, and should not be used as such.

Please see Reviews Disclaimer … for my full disclaimer policy.

 fragmented.ME xXx

Last Updated on 12/05/2022 by fragmented_ME

Let’s us know what you think and help us do better ...

fragmented.ME news ...
fragmented.ME news ...

Oh hi there 👋
It’s nice to meet you.

Sign up to receive a notification each time we post new content ...

(usually twice a week, but this will be no more than three times a week)

Read our privacy policy for more info.


My birth name is Denise, but I’m know as Bella to those who love me. I have a first class honours degree in education & psychology and a strong passion to keep learning and educating others ... I have severe ME/CFS and lots of other chronic illnesses and I started this blog as an expansion to my instagram page, where I advocate for chronic illness. I am married and have two grown up boys, or should I say young men. I have three gorgeous grandchildren, one boy and two girls. And despite being chronically sick and housebound I am mostly happy. 🥰

Don`t copy text!

Your message has been successfully sent

Unable to send.



ME Awareness Month 2022

read what I’m doing & what you could do

what ME is to me …

newsletter (subscribe) ...

Please use this form if you would like to get notified when we update or add new blogs. You’ll hear from us soon!

If you have any other suggestions for ‘anything’ you would like me to write about or if you would like to contribute your own piece to fragmented.ME, please contact me using this contact form.

Leave this field blank
Please put your full & real name here ...
Please put your full & real name here ...

... share this page ...

10 steps to practicing Radical Acceptance
according to DBT’s founder, Marsha Linehan:


1.  Observe that you are questioning or fighting reality (“it shouldn’t be this way”)

2.  Remind yourself that the unpleasant reality is just as it is and cannot be changed (“this is what happened”)

3.  Remind yourself that there are causes for the reality (“this is how things happened”)

4.  Practice accepting with your whole self (mind, body, spirit) - Use accepting self-talk, relaxation techniques, mindfulness and/or imagery

5.  List all of the behaviors you would engage in if you did accept the facts and then engage in those behaviors as if you have already accepted the facts

6.  Imagine, in your mind’s eye, believing what you do not want to accept and rehearse in your mind what you would do if you accepted what seems unacceptable

7.  Attend to body sensations as you think about what you need to accept

8.  Allow disappointment, sadness or grief to arise within you

9.  Acknowledge that life can be worth living even when there is pain

10.  Do pros and cons if you find yourself resisting practicing acceptance

Logo of ijpsych

2009 Oct-Dec; 51(4): 239–241.
doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285
PMCID: PMC2802367
PMID: 20048445

The biochemistry of belief

Address for correspondence: Dr. TS Sathyanarayana Rao, Department of Psychiatry, JSS University, JSS Medical College Hospital, M.G. Road, Mysore - 570 004, India. E-mail: moc.oohay@91oarsst
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

“Man is what he believes”

Anton Chekhov

Beliefs are basically the guiding principles in life that provide direction and meaning in life. Beliefs are the preset, organized filters to our perceptions of the world (external and internal). Beliefs are like ‘Internal commands’ to the brain as to how to represent what is happening, when we congruently believe something to be true. In the absence of beliefs or inability to tap into them, people feel disempowered.

Beliefs originate from what we hear - and keep on hearing from others, ever since we were children (and even before that!). The sources of beliefs include environment, events, knowledge, past experiences, visualization etc. One of the biggest misconceptions people often harbor is that belief is a static, intellectual concept. Nothing can be farther from truth! Beliefs are a choice. We have the power to choose our beliefs. Our beliefs become our reality.

Beliefs are not just cold mental premises, but are ‘hot stuff’ intertwined with emotions (conscious or unconscious). Perhaps, that is why we feel threatened or react with sometimes uncalled for aggression, when we believe our beliefs are being challenged! Research findings have repeatedly pointed out that the emotional brain is no longer confined to the classical locales of the hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus.[1] The sensory inputs we receive from the environment undergo a filtering process as they travel across one or more synapses, ultimately reaching the area of higher processing, like the frontal lobes. There, the sensory information enters our conscious awareness. What portion of this sensory information enters is determined by our beliefs. Fortunately for us, receptors on the cell membranes are flexible, which can alter in sensitivity and conformation. In other words, even when we feel stuck ‘emotionally’, there is always a biochemical potential for change and possible growth. When we choose to change our thoughts (bursts of neurochemicals!), we become open and receptive to other pieces of sensory information hitherto blocked by our beliefs! When we change our thinking, we change our beliefs. When we change our beliefs, we change our behavior.

A mention of the ‘Placebo’ is most appropriate at this juncture. Medical history is replete with numerous reported cases where placebos were found to have a profound effect on a variety of disorders. One such astounding case was that of a woman suffering from severe nausea and vomiting. Objective measurements of her gastric contractions indicated a disrupted pattern matching the condition she complained of. Then a ‘new, magical, extremely potent’ drug was offered to her, which would, the doctors proclaimed, undoubtedly cure her nausea. Within a few minutes, her nausea vanished! The very same gastric tests now revealed normal pattern, when, in actuality, she had been given syrup of ipecac, a substance usually used to induce nausea! When the syrup was presented to her, paired with the strong suggestion of relief of nausea, by an authority figure, it acted as a (command) message to the brain that triggered a cascade of self-regulatory biochemical responses within the body.[2] This instance dramatically demonstrates that the influence of placebo could be more potent than expected drug effect.

An important observation was that, part of the placebo response seemed to involve the meaning of the disorder or the illness to the individual. In other words, the person's belief or how she/he interprets (inter-presents or internally represents) directly governs the biological response or behavior. Another remarkable study involved a schizophrenic. This woman was observed to have split personality. Under normal conditions, her blood glucose levels were normal. However, the moment she believed she was diabetic, her entire physiology changed to become that of a diabetic, including elevated blood glucose levels.[3]

Suggestions or symbolic messages shape beliefs that in turn affect our physical well being. Several cases of ‘Disappearance of warts’ have been reported by Ornstein and Sobel wherein they ponder on how the brain translates the suggestions (sometimes using hypnosis) into systematic biochemical battle strategies such as chemical messengers sent to enlist the aid of immune cells in an assault on the microbe-induced miniature tumor or probably small arteries are selectively constricted, cutting off the vital nutrient supply to warts but not touching the neighboring healthy cells.[2]

Findings of carefully designed research indicate that our interpretation of what we are seeing (experiencing) can literally alter our physiology. In fact, all symptoms of medicine work through our beliefs. By subtly transforming the unknown (disease/disorder) into something known, named, tamed and explained, alarm reactions in the brain can be calmed down. All therapies have a hidden, symbolic value and influence on the psyche, besides the direct specific effect they may have on the body.

Just as amazingly life-affirming placebos are, the reverse, “Nocebo' has been observed to be playing its part too. It is associated with negative, life-threatening or disempowering beliefs. Arthur Barsky, a psychiatrist states that it is the patient's expectations – beliefs whether a drug or procedure works or will have side effects – that plays a crucial role in the outcome.[4]

The biochemistry of our body stems from our awareness.[5] Belief-reinforced awareness becomes our biochemistry. Each and every tiny cell in our body is perfectly and absolutely aware of our thoughts, feelings and of course, our beliefs. There is a beautiful saying ‘Nobody grows old. When people stop growing, they become old’. If you believe you are fragile, the biochemistry of your body unquestionably obeys and manifests it. If you believe you are tough (irrespective of your weight and bone density!), your body undeniably mirrors it. When you believe you are depressed (more precisely, when you become consciously aware of your ‘Being depressed’), you stamp the raw data received through your sense organs, with a judgment – that is your personal view – and physically become the ‘interpretation’ as you internalize it. A classic example is ‘Psychosocial dwarfism’, wherein children who feel and believethat they are unloved, translate the perceived lack of love into depleted levels of growth hormone, in contrast to the strongly held view that growth hormone is released according to a preprogrammed schedule coded into the individual's genes!

Providing scientific evidence to support a holistic approach to well being and healthcare, Bruce Lipton sheds light on mechanism underlying healing at cellular level. He emphasizes that ‘love’ is the most healing emotion and ‘placebo’ effect accounts for a substantial percentage of any drug's action, underscoring the significance of beliefs in health and sickness. According to him, as adults, we still believe in and act our lives out based on information we absorbed as children (pathetic indeed!). And the good news is, we can do something about the ‘tape’ our subconscious mind is playing (ol' silly beliefs) and change them NOW.[6] Further recent literature evidences provided knowledge based on scientific principles of biology of belief. There are limited studies on clinics of traditional beliefs and if we get more scientific data, we can use these traditional systems in clinical mental health management. Human belief system is formed by all the experiences learned and experimented filtered through personality.[7] The senses to capture inner and outer perceptions have higher brain potentials. Some questions that arise in this context are, does the integration and acceptance of these perceptions result in the establishment of beliefs? Does the establishment of these beliefs depend on proof demonstrations? The proofs might be the perceptions, which we can directly see or having scientific proof or custom or faith.[8,9] Beliefs are developed as stimuli received as trusted information and stored in the memory. These perceptions are generalized and established into belief. These beliefs are involved in the moral judgment of the person. Beliefs help in decision-making. Bogousslavsky and Inglin explained that, how some physicians were more successful by taking an account of patient beliefs. Beliefs influence factors involved in the development of psychopathology. They also influence the cognitive and emotional assessment, addictiveness, responses to false positives and persistent normal defensive reactions. Total brain function is required in stabilizing the belief and in responding to environmental system. Some of the brain regions and the neural circuits are very important in establishing beliefs and executing emotions. Frontal lobes play a major role in beliefs. Mental representations of the world are integrated with sub-cortical information by prefrontal cortex. Amygdala and Hippocampus are involved in the process of thinking and thus help in execution of beliefs. NMDA receptor is involved in thinking and in the development of beliefs. These beliefs are subjected to challenge. A belief that is subjected to more challenges becomes stronger. When a new stimulus comes, it creates distress in the brain with already existing patterns. The distress results in the release of dopamine (neurotransmitter) to transmit the signal.[10,11] Research findings of Young and Saxe (2008) revealed that medial prefrontal cortex is involved in processing the belief valence.[12] Right temporoparietal junction and precuneus are involved in the processing of beliefs to moral judgment. True beliefs are processed through right temporoparietal junction.[13,14] Saxe (2006) explained that beliefs judging starts at the age of five years citing example of judging of belief questions on short stories by the children.[15] Belief attribution involved activating regions of medial prefrontal cortex, superior temporal gyri and hippocampal regions. Studies by Krummenacher et al, have shown that dopamine levels are associated with paranormal thoughts suggesting the role of dopamine in belief development in the brain.[16] Flannelly et al, illustrated on how primitive brain mechanisms that evolved to assess environmental threats in related psychiatric disorders.[17] Also were highlighted the issues such as the way beliefs can affect psychiatric symptoms through these brain systems. The theories discussed widely are related to (a) link psychiatric disorders to threat assessment and (b) explain how the normal functioning of threat assessment systems can become pathological. It is proposed that three brain structures are implicated in brain disorders in response to threat assessment and self-defense: the regions are the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and parts of limbic system. The functionality of these regions has great potential to understand mechanism of belief formation and its relevance in neurological functions/dysfunctions. Now it is clear that biology and physiology of belief is an open area for research both at basic and clinical level. The future directions are to develop validated experimental or sound theoretical interpretation to make ‘BELIEF’ as a potential clinical management tool.

Perceptual shifts are the prerequisites for changing the belief and hence changing the biochemistry of our body favorably. Our innate desire and willingness to learn and grow lead to newer perceptions. When we consciously allow newer perceptions to enter the brain by seeking new experiences, learning new skills and changed perspectives, our body can respond in newer ways –this is the true secret of youth. Beliefs (internal representations/interpretations) thus hold the magic wand of remarkable transformations in our biochemical profile. If you are chasing joy and peace all the time everywhere but exclaim exhausted, ‘Oh, it's to be found nowhere!’, why not change your interpretation of NOWHERE to ‘NOW HERE’; just by introducing a gap, you change your awareness – that changes your belief and that changes your biochemistry in an instant!

Everything exists as a ‘Matrix of pure possibilities’ akin to ‘formless’ molten wax or moldable soft clay. We shape them into anything we desire by choosing to do so, prompted, dictated (consciously or unconsciously) by our beliefs. The awareness that we are part of these ever-changing fields of energy that constantly interact with one another is what gives us the key hitherto elusive, to unlock the immense power within us. And it is our awareness of this awesome truth that changes everything. Then we transform ourselves from passive onlookers to powerful creators. Our beliefs provide the script to write or re-write the code of our reality.

Thoughts and beliefs are an integral part of the brain's operations. Neurotransmitters could be termed the ‘words’ brain uses to communicate with exchange of information occurring constantly, mediated by these molecular messengers. Unraveling the mystery of this molecular music induced by the magic of beliefs, dramatically influencing the biochemistry of brain could be an exciting adventure and a worth pursuing cerebral challenge.


1. Candace Pert. Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York, USA: Scribner Publications; 2003. ISBN-10: 0684846349.
2. Ornstein R, Sobel D. The healing brain: Breakthrough discoveries about how the brain keeps us healthy. USA: Malor Books; 1999. ISBN-10: 1883536170.
3. Robbins A. Unlimited power: The new science of personal excellence. UK: Simon and Schuster; 1986. ISBN 0-7434-0939-6.
4. Braden G. The spontaneous healing of belief. Hay House Publishers (India) Pvt. Ltd; 2008. ISBN 978-81-89988-39-5.
5. Chopra D. Ageless body, timeless mind: The quantum alternative to growing old. Hormony Publishers; 1994. ISBN -10: 0517882124.
6. Lipton B. The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Mountain of Love Publishers; 2005. ISBN 978-0975991473.
7. Bogousslavsky J, Inglin M. Beliefs and the brain. Eur Neurol. 2007;58:129–32. [PubMed: 17622716]
8. Gundersen L. Faith and healing. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:169–72. [PubMed: 10644287]
9. Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: Implications for clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001;76:1225–35. [PubMed: 11761504]
10. Patel AD, Peretz I, Tramo M, Labreque R. Processing prosodic and musical patterns: A neuropsychological investigation. Brain Lang. 1998;61:123–44. [PubMed: 9448936]
11. Tramo MJ. Biology and music. Music of the hemispheres. Science. 2001;291:54–6. [PubMed: 11192009]
12. Young L, Saxe R. The neural basis of belief encoding and integration in moral judgment. Neuroimage. 2008;40:1912–20. [PubMed: 18342544]
13. Aichhorn M, Perner J, Weiss B, Kronbichler M, Staffen W, Ladurner G. Temporo-parietal junction activity in theory-of-mind tasks: Falseness, beliefs, or attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009;21:1179–92. [PubMed: 18702587]
14. Abraham A, Rakoczy H, Werning M, von Cramon DY, Schubotz RI. Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Soc Neurosci. 2009;1:18. [PubMed: 19670085]
15. Saxe R. Why and how to study Theory of Mind with fMRI. Brain Res. 2006;1079:57–65. [PubMed: 16480695]
16. Krummenacher P, Mohr C, Haker H, Brugger P. Dopamine, paranormal belief, and the detection of meaningful stimuli. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jun 30; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed: 19642883]
17. Flannelly KJ, Koenig HG, Galek K, Ellison CG. Beliefs, mental health, and evolutionary threat assessment systems in the brain. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007;195:996–1003. [PubMed: 18091193]

Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications

HRPacing ...


Heart Rate Pacing is a technique used to stay within ones energy reserves. The anaerobic threshold (AT) is the heart rate at which aerobic energy surges. The threshold is often around about 60% of a ones maximum heart rate, though each person is different and an individual's threshold may vary from day to day or within a day.

(Note: Maximum heart rate is 220 minus ones age. For a 50 year old, 60% of maximum heart rate is (220 - 50) x 0.6 = 102 bpm.)


* Changes colour to indicate:

- Resting - (REST) Lavender

- Recovery (RECOVER) - Green (RHR + 10%)

- Exertion (EXERT) - Orange (RHR + 20%)

- Anaerobic Threshold (AT) - Red ((220-50)x0.6)

* Set an alert based on:

- reaching Anaerobic Threshold Zone, or

- custom set Maximum Heart Rate.

* Set the Anaerobic Threshold Tolerance from 0.6 (default) to 0.5 if desired.

* Set a custom interval between alerts (15 secs default).

* Displays 12/24 hour clock based on user settings in Fitbit profile.

cognitive deficits in patients with ME/CFS …

where is the …

[give_form id="3285"]


I am gathering together a living list of people with ME

you can view the list by going to ‘ME list …’ and clicking on each initial
the list is ordered alphabetically, by christian name

you can add your name to the list by going to ‘ME lis (submission) …
and submitting your details along with an image

help me fund my ME treatment ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for the introductory workshop by donating £65

you can pay for an individual care plan by donating £71

you can pay for a monthly session by donating £71

you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical review by donating £121

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

you can pay for the individual assessment by donating £141

you can pay for a medical assessment by donating £187

Thank you very much !

help me fund my assessment treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for a medical assessment by donating £187

you can pay for an initial assessment by donating £141

you can pay for a medical review by donating £121

Thank you very much !

help me fund my preparation for rehabilitation treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for the introductory workshop by donating £65

you can pay for an individual care plan by donating £71

Thank you very much !

help me fund my rehabilitation treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for a monthly session by donating £71

Thank you very much !

help me fund my follow up treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

Thank you very much !

… duplicitous …

duplicitous …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

Skip to content