fragmented.ME …
illness & health ...,  mind * body * soul ...

my top TEN ME toolkit …

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Having ME has changed my life beyond all recognition. It has meant that I have had to find ways and techniques to deal with these changes. Some things that I have tried were not of any benefit but others I found very useful and I now use them over and over.

Therefore, I wanted to document for you some of my top tricks that I have in my ME toolkit.

remember …

This is my personal toolkit and yours might well be very different. I would love to hear any of your tried and tested tricks and tips, and you can send them to me in the ‘can you help us do better’ form at the end of the blog.

I may also do a ‘your top TEN ME toolkit …’ blog if there are enough similar to each other, but different to mine, responses …

my ME toolkit …

   …   my ME toolkit  …   

These are not really in any particular order. I wanted them to be but as I tried to prioritise them I realised that the loss of any one of them would be equally devastating in its own right. It felt, therefore, almost impossible for me to order them in terms of priority or impact their loss might have.

Nevertheless, I have tried my best to somewhat prioritise them. That said, they are all equally important and really do impact on an almost equal level.

#1: heart rate monitor … 

#1 toolkit ...

I have the FitBit sense. I have used a FitBit for years. From the Alta, to the Charge, to the Versa, and now the Sense. They are all good at what they do. But, none of them monitor specifically what I need to monitor which is my energy system and how much energy I have available to me without negatively impacting my health.

That said, the next best thing to monitor is anaerobic state in order to not push your body over its limits.

You see, when you always, and I mean always, feel like you might be dying you learn to do things despite how you are feeling. Otherwise, you simply wouldn’t do anything.

However, let this, what I am about to share, be a warning to you.

DO NOT PUSH YOURSELF, especially if you know or think you have ME/CFS. Pushing yourself causes further internal, yet unseen, damage to your energy system and alters your DNA. This results in making you much much sicker, often beyond repair, which is where I find myself now.

I am now left housebound and often bedridden and without a smart watch to notify me when I am in and above my anaerobic threshold (AT) I would not know when to stop. Thus, by using my smart watch I am protecting myself from further damage to my energy systems.

*a further note of interest … I have been in touch with Polar and shared with them scientific details regarding what someone with ME/CFS needs in a smart watch. They have passed this on to their design team and informed me to watch for updates that might be of benefit to us. I would obviously post here, and on Instagram, should they release something that caters more for our health needs.

#2: decent PJs & cardigans … 

#2 toolkit ...

For over two years, probably more like three years, unless I have an out of the house medical appointment I haven’t gotten dressed.

I spend all my time in my PJs. Why waste energy …

But I do still want to look and feel as nice as possible.

This is where pretty pyjamas come in.

I aim for non iron ones, usually a natural t-shirt type fabric. I get so hot and sweat a lot too so I’m always on the lookout for capri length bottoms and large loose short sleeve tops. I can always add slipper socks and a sweatshirt or cardigan if I feel a little chilled, which I often do. I also aim for at least four pairs, ideally seven or eight, would be better.

I don’t have any yet, but I’ve read that bamboo is a beautiful fabric for wearing and not needing ironing too. They’re just so very expensive.

Presently, I am wearing M & S mix and match 3/4 length bottoms with mix and match short sleeve t-shirt style tops. I can’t link you as they are last seasons, bought in the sale, and are no longer available.

#3: ice packs … 

#3 toolkit ...

Ice ice baby … ice is such a life saver …

I use ice most days as I wake with raging headaches daily and at least two migraines a week. Ice, along with my medications and also when I’ve taken my allocated amount of medications, is my life saver. I have a full deep drawer, and another tray shelf, in the freezer given over to medical ice.

I have three of the Aroma Season Migraine Caps and nine of the Koolpak Hot and Cold pads. I sometimes buy them singly or in threes when they’re on offer Koolpak Deluxe Reusable Hot/Cold Gel Packs – x3 (Triple Pack).

I keep the migraine caps in bags with coloured zips so that I can rotate them. I do find on a bad migraine day three isn’t enough and I want to build my stock to six. But they aren’t cheap. I use the koolpaks on top of my head, my eyes, on my neck, and sometimes on my feet when they burn and feel hot and painful. The koolpaks do have a life and can pop quite easily, whereas the migraine caps last. My oldest one is six years old, and the other two are about twelve months old. They do have Velcro, for fastening, which I really dislike because it gets full of fluff and hair, which makes them look scruffy. The cases are washable.

I couldn’t live without ice.

And would love one or two of the Icekap Migraine Cap (Patented Migraine Relief Headache Hat with 5 Gel Ice Pack) (Ice Hat Lasts Up to 3 Hours! Icecap for Migraines, Chemo, Sinus Relief, Head Tension, Menopause and More). They are just so expensive.

#4: eye masks … 

#4 toolkit ...

Eye masks are equally as important as ice. I have loads of eye masks. Some with lavender and some without.

My favourite is my Morris & Co. Beauty Pink Clay and Honeysuckle Velvet Sleep Eye Mask. It is so comforting to wear and really blocks out the light too.

The above mentioned Aroma Season migraine hat can be placed over the eyes and also has a soft feel flap that can be folded over the eyes.

#5: comfortable earphones … 

#5 toolkit ...

I have incredibly loud tinnitus and without earphones and some kind of noise I would never sleep.

I mainly listen to radio dramas, audio books, and podcasts. White noise, isn’t enough to stop my thinking. Where, mostly listening to something engaging stops me thinking, as well as masking the tinnitus, and helps me fall asleep fairly fast on most nights.

I have apple AirPods, but they are very expensive and the battery just doesn’t last long enough. I’ve also found the product itself doesn’t last that long neither, especially considering the cost.

I also have Urbanista Stockholm. These are so comfortable but when they are running low on battery the beep they give out is so loud it wakes me up. LoL

I have to use the hard solid in-ear earphones type because all of the coverings used on the other kinds that I’ve tried so far give me eczema inside my ear.

If you have any suggestions please please share them with me.

#6: easy foods … 

#6 toolkit ...

Easy foods are necessary for two reasons.

#1 having easy food takes less energy from you in terms of preparation and tidying up.

In line with this point, I personally cannot prepare a meal any longer. My husband does our evening meal. And, if I want anything in between, it’s usually a bag of wotzits or a few crackers with pâté or hummus followed by a yoghurt and a few chocolate buttons or orange Lindt.

#2 easy foods, in the sense of not being over complicated or full of spices and foods that you cannot easily digest, make it easy on your body and energy system.

I used to be able to eat so much. Fortunately for me without gaining weight. However, as I got sicker, and possibly older, I began to gain so much weight and developed intolerances to some of my most loved foods. Then after that, I started to have massive digestive issues. And now, my poorly body can only tolerate small meals and limited food kinds too.

I would advise not to ignore the signals, like I did. As soon as you notice your digestion is impaired or compromised. Ease up, eat less, and cut out foods you find you are intolerant to.

By way of example, one experience of mine:

One of my most favourite foods is tomatoes. I loved them with everything. I could eat cherry tomatoes like a fruit treat. I would get large beefeater ones and slice them into thick slices and put them cold on toast with salt and pepper. As I write this my mouth is watering just imagining some yummy toast with sliced tomatoes on and plenty of salt and pepper. Yet, I now have a serious allergy to tomatoes. My lips swell. I get lumps and bumps and sores inside my mouth. And the following day, after eating anything tomato based, I have pain like I cannot explain. My insides feel like they are on fire and raw and my muscular upper back, in the thoracic region, hurts so much and feels very sick. Despite these symptoms I initially denied that tomatoes, my favourite food, that I’ve been eating since a child and now I was mid forties, could ever possibly make me so poorly. But I did a process of elimination and reintroduction and they categorically do make me severely unwell now.

#7: a bag for essentials … 

#7 toolkit ...

Another really useful thing that I have is a bag, with all my essentials in, that I carry up and down stairs.

I use the Curver Shopping Bag, but this is no longer available and it is very difficult to carry. The handles are hard and dig into your hands and fingers. I would go for this one next time Curver Emily Knit Basket. In fact I’m buying one now, as I type, because it’s on offer.

I use it for my medications, my iPad cushion, a couple of chargers, tissues, and my cups with lids, a small ‘two pen’ pencil case, a small notebook, kindle, iPad, iPhone, cardigan, slipper socks, and anything else I might need both upstairs and downstairs and don’t have double of.

#8: personal care bits upstairs & downstairs … 

#8 toolkit ...

I have hair brush / comb, face cloths, skin care products, dental care and other products in double and I keep a set upstairs and a set downstairs. This means I can take care of myself upstairs when I get up if I am able but if not I can also do it downstairs when I need to and at night before going to bed at night.

I am in the process of having a set of drawers downstairs for clean PJs, underwear, and cardigans etc, so that if I need to change during the day I don’t have to go upstairs to do it.

Limiting my trips up and down the stairs really can save me loads of energy. I now have to stop at least twice when going up or coming down the stairs and sometimes more.

#9: bodum mugs … 

#9 toolkit ...

I find thermos style mugs invaluable, especially for saving energy. I can make a few drinks at a time and know they will stay warm and also safe from contamination because of their lids.

The ones I have are the Bodum Stainless Steel Travel Mug in pastel pink and the Bodum Stainless Steel Travel Mug in pastel blue, for my hot drinks and and for water I have BODUM Travel Mug in pink (no longer available in pastels). They are all dishwasher safe and the stainless mugs keep my drinks warm enough for me to make two or three at a time and they’re still warm when I come to drink them.

Even if you don’t choose the same styles as me, I would definitely recommend a stainless / plastic double walled mug with a lid. I wouldn’t be without mine.

#10: delivery / collection service for everything … 

#10 toolkit ...

If it can be ordered online and delivered, then that’s the way to go. I’ve not been inside a shop or restaurant now in over two years, maybe even three.

I do have my husband who does all our food shopping but if I didn’t have him then my food would be ordered online and delivered.

It feels like a no-brainer. Why spend energy you don’t have … when there is a perfectly good alternative option available …

in summary & in conclusion …

I do hope these have helped you in some way.

However, this is my personal list and yours might well be very different. I’d love to hear yours and you can send them to me in the ‘can you help us do better’ form at the end of the blog.

Therefore, now that I have come to the end of my list, I have decided that I will do a ‘your ME toolkit …’ blog and compare the popular, but different to mine, responses …

 fragmented.ME xXx

Last Updated on 12/05/2022 by fragmented_ME

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My birth name is Denise, but I’m know as Bella to those who love me. I have a first class honours degree in education & psychology and a strong passion to keep learning and educating others ... I have severe ME/CFS and lots of other chronic illnesses and I started this blog as an expansion to my instagram page, where I advocate for chronic illness. I am married and have two grown up boys, or should I say young men. I have three gorgeous grandchildren, one boy and two girls. And despite being chronically sick and housebound I am mostly happy. 🥰

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10 steps to practicing Radical Acceptance
according to DBT’s founder, Marsha Linehan:


1.  Observe that you are questioning or fighting reality (“it shouldn’t be this way”)

2.  Remind yourself that the unpleasant reality is just as it is and cannot be changed (“this is what happened”)

3.  Remind yourself that there are causes for the reality (“this is how things happened”)

4.  Practice accepting with your whole self (mind, body, spirit) - Use accepting self-talk, relaxation techniques, mindfulness and/or imagery

5.  List all of the behaviors you would engage in if you did accept the facts and then engage in those behaviors as if you have already accepted the facts

6.  Imagine, in your mind’s eye, believing what you do not want to accept and rehearse in your mind what you would do if you accepted what seems unacceptable

7.  Attend to body sensations as you think about what you need to accept

8.  Allow disappointment, sadness or grief to arise within you

9.  Acknowledge that life can be worth living even when there is pain

10.  Do pros and cons if you find yourself resisting practicing acceptance

Logo of ijpsych

2009 Oct-Dec; 51(4): 239–241.
doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285
PMCID: PMC2802367
PMID: 20048445

The biochemistry of belief

Address for correspondence: Dr. TS Sathyanarayana Rao, Department of Psychiatry, JSS University, JSS Medical College Hospital, M.G. Road, Mysore - 570 004, India. E-mail: moc.oohay@91oarsst
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

“Man is what he believes”

Anton Chekhov

Beliefs are basically the guiding principles in life that provide direction and meaning in life. Beliefs are the preset, organized filters to our perceptions of the world (external and internal). Beliefs are like ‘Internal commands’ to the brain as to how to represent what is happening, when we congruently believe something to be true. In the absence of beliefs or inability to tap into them, people feel disempowered.

Beliefs originate from what we hear - and keep on hearing from others, ever since we were children (and even before that!). The sources of beliefs include environment, events, knowledge, past experiences, visualization etc. One of the biggest misconceptions people often harbor is that belief is a static, intellectual concept. Nothing can be farther from truth! Beliefs are a choice. We have the power to choose our beliefs. Our beliefs become our reality.

Beliefs are not just cold mental premises, but are ‘hot stuff’ intertwined with emotions (conscious or unconscious). Perhaps, that is why we feel threatened or react with sometimes uncalled for aggression, when we believe our beliefs are being challenged! Research findings have repeatedly pointed out that the emotional brain is no longer confined to the classical locales of the hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus.[1] The sensory inputs we receive from the environment undergo a filtering process as they travel across one or more synapses, ultimately reaching the area of higher processing, like the frontal lobes. There, the sensory information enters our conscious awareness. What portion of this sensory information enters is determined by our beliefs. Fortunately for us, receptors on the cell membranes are flexible, which can alter in sensitivity and conformation. In other words, even when we feel stuck ‘emotionally’, there is always a biochemical potential for change and possible growth. When we choose to change our thoughts (bursts of neurochemicals!), we become open and receptive to other pieces of sensory information hitherto blocked by our beliefs! When we change our thinking, we change our beliefs. When we change our beliefs, we change our behavior.

A mention of the ‘Placebo’ is most appropriate at this juncture. Medical history is replete with numerous reported cases where placebos were found to have a profound effect on a variety of disorders. One such astounding case was that of a woman suffering from severe nausea and vomiting. Objective measurements of her gastric contractions indicated a disrupted pattern matching the condition she complained of. Then a ‘new, magical, extremely potent’ drug was offered to her, which would, the doctors proclaimed, undoubtedly cure her nausea. Within a few minutes, her nausea vanished! The very same gastric tests now revealed normal pattern, when, in actuality, she had been given syrup of ipecac, a substance usually used to induce nausea! When the syrup was presented to her, paired with the strong suggestion of relief of nausea, by an authority figure, it acted as a (command) message to the brain that triggered a cascade of self-regulatory biochemical responses within the body.[2] This instance dramatically demonstrates that the influence of placebo could be more potent than expected drug effect.

An important observation was that, part of the placebo response seemed to involve the meaning of the disorder or the illness to the individual. In other words, the person's belief or how she/he interprets (inter-presents or internally represents) directly governs the biological response or behavior. Another remarkable study involved a schizophrenic. This woman was observed to have split personality. Under normal conditions, her blood glucose levels were normal. However, the moment she believed she was diabetic, her entire physiology changed to become that of a diabetic, including elevated blood glucose levels.[3]

Suggestions or symbolic messages shape beliefs that in turn affect our physical well being. Several cases of ‘Disappearance of warts’ have been reported by Ornstein and Sobel wherein they ponder on how the brain translates the suggestions (sometimes using hypnosis) into systematic biochemical battle strategies such as chemical messengers sent to enlist the aid of immune cells in an assault on the microbe-induced miniature tumor or probably small arteries are selectively constricted, cutting off the vital nutrient supply to warts but not touching the neighboring healthy cells.[2]

Findings of carefully designed research indicate that our interpretation of what we are seeing (experiencing) can literally alter our physiology. In fact, all symptoms of medicine work through our beliefs. By subtly transforming the unknown (disease/disorder) into something known, named, tamed and explained, alarm reactions in the brain can be calmed down. All therapies have a hidden, symbolic value and influence on the psyche, besides the direct specific effect they may have on the body.

Just as amazingly life-affirming placebos are, the reverse, “Nocebo' has been observed to be playing its part too. It is associated with negative, life-threatening or disempowering beliefs. Arthur Barsky, a psychiatrist states that it is the patient's expectations – beliefs whether a drug or procedure works or will have side effects – that plays a crucial role in the outcome.[4]

The biochemistry of our body stems from our awareness.[5] Belief-reinforced awareness becomes our biochemistry. Each and every tiny cell in our body is perfectly and absolutely aware of our thoughts, feelings and of course, our beliefs. There is a beautiful saying ‘Nobody grows old. When people stop growing, they become old’. If you believe you are fragile, the biochemistry of your body unquestionably obeys and manifests it. If you believe you are tough (irrespective of your weight and bone density!), your body undeniably mirrors it. When you believe you are depressed (more precisely, when you become consciously aware of your ‘Being depressed’), you stamp the raw data received through your sense organs, with a judgment – that is your personal view – and physically become the ‘interpretation’ as you internalize it. A classic example is ‘Psychosocial dwarfism’, wherein children who feel and believethat they are unloved, translate the perceived lack of love into depleted levels of growth hormone, in contrast to the strongly held view that growth hormone is released according to a preprogrammed schedule coded into the individual's genes!

Providing scientific evidence to support a holistic approach to well being and healthcare, Bruce Lipton sheds light on mechanism underlying healing at cellular level. He emphasizes that ‘love’ is the most healing emotion and ‘placebo’ effect accounts for a substantial percentage of any drug's action, underscoring the significance of beliefs in health and sickness. According to him, as adults, we still believe in and act our lives out based on information we absorbed as children (pathetic indeed!). And the good news is, we can do something about the ‘tape’ our subconscious mind is playing (ol' silly beliefs) and change them NOW.[6] Further recent literature evidences provided knowledge based on scientific principles of biology of belief. There are limited studies on clinics of traditional beliefs and if we get more scientific data, we can use these traditional systems in clinical mental health management. Human belief system is formed by all the experiences learned and experimented filtered through personality.[7] The senses to capture inner and outer perceptions have higher brain potentials. Some questions that arise in this context are, does the integration and acceptance of these perceptions result in the establishment of beliefs? Does the establishment of these beliefs depend on proof demonstrations? The proofs might be the perceptions, which we can directly see or having scientific proof or custom or faith.[8,9] Beliefs are developed as stimuli received as trusted information and stored in the memory. These perceptions are generalized and established into belief. These beliefs are involved in the moral judgment of the person. Beliefs help in decision-making. Bogousslavsky and Inglin explained that, how some physicians were more successful by taking an account of patient beliefs. Beliefs influence factors involved in the development of psychopathology. They also influence the cognitive and emotional assessment, addictiveness, responses to false positives and persistent normal defensive reactions. Total brain function is required in stabilizing the belief and in responding to environmental system. Some of the brain regions and the neural circuits are very important in establishing beliefs and executing emotions. Frontal lobes play a major role in beliefs. Mental representations of the world are integrated with sub-cortical information by prefrontal cortex. Amygdala and Hippocampus are involved in the process of thinking and thus help in execution of beliefs. NMDA receptor is involved in thinking and in the development of beliefs. These beliefs are subjected to challenge. A belief that is subjected to more challenges becomes stronger. When a new stimulus comes, it creates distress in the brain with already existing patterns. The distress results in the release of dopamine (neurotransmitter) to transmit the signal.[10,11] Research findings of Young and Saxe (2008) revealed that medial prefrontal cortex is involved in processing the belief valence.[12] Right temporoparietal junction and precuneus are involved in the processing of beliefs to moral judgment. True beliefs are processed through right temporoparietal junction.[13,14] Saxe (2006) explained that beliefs judging starts at the age of five years citing example of judging of belief questions on short stories by the children.[15] Belief attribution involved activating regions of medial prefrontal cortex, superior temporal gyri and hippocampal regions. Studies by Krummenacher et al, have shown that dopamine levels are associated with paranormal thoughts suggesting the role of dopamine in belief development in the brain.[16] Flannelly et al, illustrated on how primitive brain mechanisms that evolved to assess environmental threats in related psychiatric disorders.[17] Also were highlighted the issues such as the way beliefs can affect psychiatric symptoms through these brain systems. The theories discussed widely are related to (a) link psychiatric disorders to threat assessment and (b) explain how the normal functioning of threat assessment systems can become pathological. It is proposed that three brain structures are implicated in brain disorders in response to threat assessment and self-defense: the regions are the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and parts of limbic system. The functionality of these regions has great potential to understand mechanism of belief formation and its relevance in neurological functions/dysfunctions. Now it is clear that biology and physiology of belief is an open area for research both at basic and clinical level. The future directions are to develop validated experimental or sound theoretical interpretation to make ‘BELIEF’ as a potential clinical management tool.

Perceptual shifts are the prerequisites for changing the belief and hence changing the biochemistry of our body favorably. Our innate desire and willingness to learn and grow lead to newer perceptions. When we consciously allow newer perceptions to enter the brain by seeking new experiences, learning new skills and changed perspectives, our body can respond in newer ways –this is the true secret of youth. Beliefs (internal representations/interpretations) thus hold the magic wand of remarkable transformations in our biochemical profile. If you are chasing joy and peace all the time everywhere but exclaim exhausted, ‘Oh, it's to be found nowhere!’, why not change your interpretation of NOWHERE to ‘NOW HERE’; just by introducing a gap, you change your awareness – that changes your belief and that changes your biochemistry in an instant!

Everything exists as a ‘Matrix of pure possibilities’ akin to ‘formless’ molten wax or moldable soft clay. We shape them into anything we desire by choosing to do so, prompted, dictated (consciously or unconsciously) by our beliefs. The awareness that we are part of these ever-changing fields of energy that constantly interact with one another is what gives us the key hitherto elusive, to unlock the immense power within us. And it is our awareness of this awesome truth that changes everything. Then we transform ourselves from passive onlookers to powerful creators. Our beliefs provide the script to write or re-write the code of our reality.

Thoughts and beliefs are an integral part of the brain's operations. Neurotransmitters could be termed the ‘words’ brain uses to communicate with exchange of information occurring constantly, mediated by these molecular messengers. Unraveling the mystery of this molecular music induced by the magic of beliefs, dramatically influencing the biochemistry of brain could be an exciting adventure and a worth pursuing cerebral challenge.


1. Candace Pert. Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York, USA: Scribner Publications; 2003. ISBN-10: 0684846349.
2. Ornstein R, Sobel D. The healing brain: Breakthrough discoveries about how the brain keeps us healthy. USA: Malor Books; 1999. ISBN-10: 1883536170.
3. Robbins A. Unlimited power: The new science of personal excellence. UK: Simon and Schuster; 1986. ISBN 0-7434-0939-6.
4. Braden G. The spontaneous healing of belief. Hay House Publishers (India) Pvt. Ltd; 2008. ISBN 978-81-89988-39-5.
5. Chopra D. Ageless body, timeless mind: The quantum alternative to growing old. Hormony Publishers; 1994. ISBN -10: 0517882124.
6. Lipton B. The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Mountain of Love Publishers; 2005. ISBN 978-0975991473.
7. Bogousslavsky J, Inglin M. Beliefs and the brain. Eur Neurol. 2007;58:129–32. [PubMed: 17622716]
8. Gundersen L. Faith and healing. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:169–72. [PubMed: 10644287]
9. Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: Implications for clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001;76:1225–35. [PubMed: 11761504]
10. Patel AD, Peretz I, Tramo M, Labreque R. Processing prosodic and musical patterns: A neuropsychological investigation. Brain Lang. 1998;61:123–44. [PubMed: 9448936]
11. Tramo MJ. Biology and music. Music of the hemispheres. Science. 2001;291:54–6. [PubMed: 11192009]
12. Young L, Saxe R. The neural basis of belief encoding and integration in moral judgment. Neuroimage. 2008;40:1912–20. [PubMed: 18342544]
13. Aichhorn M, Perner J, Weiss B, Kronbichler M, Staffen W, Ladurner G. Temporo-parietal junction activity in theory-of-mind tasks: Falseness, beliefs, or attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009;21:1179–92. [PubMed: 18702587]
14. Abraham A, Rakoczy H, Werning M, von Cramon DY, Schubotz RI. Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Soc Neurosci. 2009;1:18. [PubMed: 19670085]
15. Saxe R. Why and how to study Theory of Mind with fMRI. Brain Res. 2006;1079:57–65. [PubMed: 16480695]
16. Krummenacher P, Mohr C, Haker H, Brugger P. Dopamine, paranormal belief, and the detection of meaningful stimuli. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jun 30; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed: 19642883]
17. Flannelly KJ, Koenig HG, Galek K, Ellison CG. Beliefs, mental health, and evolutionary threat assessment systems in the brain. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007;195:996–1003. [PubMed: 18091193]

Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications

HRPacing ...


Heart Rate Pacing is a technique used to stay within ones energy reserves. The anaerobic threshold (AT) is the heart rate at which aerobic energy surges. The threshold is often around about 60% of a ones maximum heart rate, though each person is different and an individual's threshold may vary from day to day or within a day.

(Note: Maximum heart rate is 220 minus ones age. For a 50 year old, 60% of maximum heart rate is (220 - 50) x 0.6 = 102 bpm.)


* Changes colour to indicate:

- Resting - (REST) Lavender

- Recovery (RECOVER) - Green (RHR + 10%)

- Exertion (EXERT) - Orange (RHR + 20%)

- Anaerobic Threshold (AT) - Red ((220-50)x0.6)

* Set an alert based on:

- reaching Anaerobic Threshold Zone, or

- custom set Maximum Heart Rate.

* Set the Anaerobic Threshold Tolerance from 0.6 (default) to 0.5 if desired.

* Set a custom interval between alerts (15 secs default).

* Displays 12/24 hour clock based on user settings in Fitbit profile.

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you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

Thank you very much !

… duplicitous …

duplicitous …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

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