fragmented.ME …
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catch up january 2022 …

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Catch Up January 2022 …

I’d love to say cheerily, yaaay another new year … BUT, all I can say is FFS, FML, and what kind of f**kery is this … really …

I woke today, the first day of the year, with another blistering nightmare of a migraine. I’ve cried so so much, I really don’t know if I can carry on like this much longer … I really DO NOT want to do this anymore!

I would love to also take the opportunity to wish you a very happy, healthy, and enjoyable year. I sincerely hope we all get what we need this year.


Don’t forget whenever you see MiA … it means I have been unable to journal anything on that day due to serious illness or just because I was unable to do anything, except keep my head above water, on that particular day.

What’s New …

This is the start of the new monthly method, or way, for my catch up posts as apposed to doing them fortnightly. I hope it works out better for me and for you too.

I am also going to attempt to write at least one quality blog every month and if you have any suggestions about what you’d like to see please ‘contact me …’ with your suggestions.

What’s Important …

I need lots of self love and self compassion right now as I am struggling more than I can even put into words … being so ill every single day is taking its toll on my spirit …

Another very important aspect of this year, especially this new month, is that the decodeME study will begin and we need you to take part, the more the better the results will be.

Diary (January 2022)



M I G R A I N E   …

… 🤯 …


I feel so much better today than I did yesterday. That said, I am taking the day to ruminate and try to recover a bit more.

I know I need a visit to the GP because my pain, when I’m getting the migraine, is absolutely out of control and considering I take pain medications daily I really should be on top of it. It might be that I need a step up in terms of pain medication.

… 🤕 …



Another bad headache, but not as bad as the one on the 1st January. However, because if this it seems I am now treated as being better. I absolutely hate how the never endingness of this illness makes people forget what you are dealing with on an ongoing daily basis. It’s exhausting and would destroying.

I am well and truly pissed off and tetchy about it today. Everything feels like a FIGHT …

… 🤺 …


Today I fell a tad better … yet, in total contrast, both my ōura ring and my fitbit are telling me how appalling my sleep was last night …

… 🤔 …



M I G R A I N E   . . .

… 🤯 …



I have been quite poorly these few days gone and I’m trying for this diary to reflect actual reality instead of adding to the days after the day has gone just because it’s digital and I can.

So, on Tuesday, I think it was, well anyway it was about two or three days ago, I can’t recall exactly when, but I received an email from my YFC_J who said my funding had been approved and that we would go ahead with our appointment as planned but there would be no bill to follow. I also had a letter, in the same day, from DWP, which said I’d been put in the support group for ESA. This means I no longer need to give evidence of my sickness, unless something changes, I get £114.10 a week and my NI is protected so I’m on full pension (in 8 years or 7, whenever it is I can retire, you would think I could take early state retirement considering how sick I am, but no I can’t it is not available). These two things are worth shouting about and ought to make me smile but they don’t (see next paragraph as to why).

I’ve been ill since 1984 and I have never had any medical care except the stay in hospital right at the beginning of the illness when my liver was poorly. Also, I have never previously been awarded sickness pay or PiP (DLA as it used to be called). I have always had to struggle on, being in and out of part time work, for part of the years, with some years not being able to work at all. And so in almost 50 years I’ve been without much care or income of my own and never had anything as regular as weekly, except when I was a lunchtime supervisor, which is only 1 1/2 hrs every term day, and wasn’t much money at all. That is the only job I have managed, without leaving, for longer than 12 months.

Going over these things really does make me acknowledge what a shit life I’ve had, in a health and in a financial sense, because of being poorly and because of not being told how very serious this illness was. So, I wasn’t told to care for myself I was told to try harder, and I did, … and I made myself sicker for not even enough money to keep myself.

… 😲 …



… 😔 …


Today my husband very kindly offered to wash me, and my hair. I’m guessing I smell because he’s never offered before.

… I am devastated by this …

It means I smell. It means I’m clearly getting sicker even if I think I’m hiding it. It’s where I’m going to end up even if I say no now, which, by the way, I did. It means I could die. Yep … I have this fancy idea that I won’t die young … but I might and probably will. It means so so much and I’ve not prepared myself for this. It’s not how I envisioned my older age.

… 💔 …


Today feels a little bit better than yesterday. Not necessarily healthwise or physically but definitely emotionally. I don’t feel as though I am carrying as much emotional baggage and I guess that’s because I have the breakdown of crying yesterday and it’s released a lot of the stress.

However, I am definitely feeling concerned about my future. Whether I will live or if this illness is going to kill me before there is any treatment or cure. I can say for certain that I am living in what is termed rolling PEM and until I find my baseline I am never going to get to the point where my body can start to recover.

I have some little cards (a 52 card deck), which I am going to use to help me investigate my inner world and find ways to give myself self-care. I know previously I have mentioned that I need to have more self compassion and also that I need to do some grief work. However, after much consideration I actually think it is self care that I need and so that is where I will begin.

… 🧘🏻‍♀️ …


Another week of nothingness, or maybe much better put would be, another week in too much pain, feeling desperately poorly, and exhausting trying to make a life from all of this …

if your compassion does not include yourself, it is incomplete – – – jack kornfield

… ☺️ …



… oh so very poorly …


I have an appointment with YFC_J today and I’ve woken mega poorly, again. I am so so fed up of it all.

I am also in the middle, or more realistically the beginning to middle, of a draft post about toxic positivity and time is running away with me. As part of my self care I am going to have to shelve this and compassionately accept what I know about myself, that if I could then I really would. So, my reluctance is a sign of my level of exhaustion and illness.

Yesterday night I barely slept due to awful stomach burning, indigestion, heart burn and severe nausea. I think I’ve now got gastritis on top of everything else. 

I will write up my appointment and you can read it on ‘my healing journey : Step 12.01.2022 …’ page.



… 🤍💙🤍 …



… still missing from my usual kind of life …

Not the worse day I’ve had. I even managed a mini sink wash and a PJ change. But, I can’t help feel niggled that I have to be grateful for such a mere pittance of so called ‘life’.

I would love to be able to have a bath, wash and style my hair, get dressed and go out for the whole day. Walk, shop, eat out, and not even worry about pain or PEM.

I might work on a blog post today, if I still feel ok by the afternoon.

… 🛍 …



… I will be my own best friend. I am not perfect, nor are any of us. I will not beat myself up. I will treat myself with kindness. …



Both my ōura ring and my FitBit claim I slept very well last night. Yet, my body says otherwise. I feel so so poorly, no migraine, just feel so sick and have a poorly sick headache that’s not responding to pain medication, which is bad enough.

… 😷 …
… 🤕 …


Today, I woke at 05:00, which is unusual in itself, but I woke feeling super hungry. I don’t eat in the morning, or I should more correctly state, I can’t eat in the morning. Whenever I feel unusually hungry, morning day or night, it’s a sign I will have a migraine within 12 hours.

. . .

… 😨 …



… 🤬 …



I went to bed with a migraine and I’ve woken up with one too … this week is not going to plan …

… 🤯 …

21st …


… 💔 …

22nd …


… 🤕 …

23rd …


… 🤯 …



Last night I only managed to sleep 2 hours 5 mins. Today, I’m struggling in the extreme.

… 💤 …



… 🤢🤮🤢 …


I am not doing very well at all right now. My pain levels are through the rough. I have a constricted windpipe and horrendous painful heartburn, which is causing pain across my stomach and into my chest. I keep choking too. So I did a bit of research and decided to purchase an iQoro device. It wasn’t cheap but I’m hoping my issues are to do with weakened muscles because of the ME. Plus, the device can improve sleep apnoea and snoring, which are both playing up big time these days.


I had a phone call today with my GP. I really like him. He’s kind. He listens. I think he really cares. I believe he is also doing his best for me.

He has prescribed an additional pain medication to use for my level 3 days. I described to him that I have three levels of pain. Level one, every day I wake in pain, I take my pain medications and they work, yaaay. Level two, I take my pain medications and they take the edge off, they don’t work but I cope. Level three, they don’t work, I throw aspirin in the mix, and I really don’t cope because nothing works, and some days these are lasting four days in a row. And now I can’t take aspiring because I keep getting gastritis flare.

So, he prescribed a gastric protector along with an additional NSAIDs to take in addition on those bad days.

I’m so pleased I have a GP who cares and listens.


At the dentist today because I lost a filling. I’m so so sick but I really need to go …

I didn’t make it, I ended up to poorly to drive and my husband had gone out for the day to help his aged aunt. So, I had to cancel right at the last minute.

… 🤦🏻‍♀️ …



… 🥴 …





I am utterly heartbroken. Today I found out that a beautiful lady I met on Instagram died on the 20th January. Her family haven’t posted because it’s still too raw. I messaged her just to say I was missing her and to touch base. I cannot express how I feel. She’s left a huge hole in my life and I know a bigger one in her husband’s and her daughter’s lives.

… RIP my beautiful friend …

 fragmented.ME xXx

Last Updated on 12/05/2022 by fragmented_ME

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My birth name is Denise, but I’m know as Bella to those who love me. I have a first class honours degree in education & psychology and a strong passion to keep learning and educating others ... I have severe ME/CFS and lots of other chronic illnesses and I started this blog as an expansion to my instagram page, where I advocate for chronic illness. I am married and have two grown up boys, or should I say young men. I have three gorgeous grandchildren, one boy and two girls. And despite being chronically sick and housebound I am mostly happy. 🥰


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10 steps to practicing Radical Acceptance
according to DBT’s founder, Marsha Linehan:


1.  Observe that you are questioning or fighting reality (“it shouldn’t be this way”)

2.  Remind yourself that the unpleasant reality is just as it is and cannot be changed (“this is what happened”)

3.  Remind yourself that there are causes for the reality (“this is how things happened”)

4.  Practice accepting with your whole self (mind, body, spirit) - Use accepting self-talk, relaxation techniques, mindfulness and/or imagery

5.  List all of the behaviors you would engage in if you did accept the facts and then engage in those behaviors as if you have already accepted the facts

6.  Imagine, in your mind’s eye, believing what you do not want to accept and rehearse in your mind what you would do if you accepted what seems unacceptable

7.  Attend to body sensations as you think about what you need to accept

8.  Allow disappointment, sadness or grief to arise within you

9.  Acknowledge that life can be worth living even when there is pain

10.  Do pros and cons if you find yourself resisting practicing acceptance

Logo of ijpsych

2009 Oct-Dec; 51(4): 239–241.
doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285
PMCID: PMC2802367
PMID: 20048445

The biochemistry of belief

Address for correspondence: Dr. TS Sathyanarayana Rao, Department of Psychiatry, JSS University, JSS Medical College Hospital, M.G. Road, Mysore - 570 004, India. E-mail: moc.oohay@91oarsst
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

“Man is what he believes”

Anton Chekhov

Beliefs are basically the guiding principles in life that provide direction and meaning in life. Beliefs are the preset, organized filters to our perceptions of the world (external and internal). Beliefs are like ‘Internal commands’ to the brain as to how to represent what is happening, when we congruently believe something to be true. In the absence of beliefs or inability to tap into them, people feel disempowered.

Beliefs originate from what we hear - and keep on hearing from others, ever since we were children (and even before that!). The sources of beliefs include environment, events, knowledge, past experiences, visualization etc. One of the biggest misconceptions people often harbor is that belief is a static, intellectual concept. Nothing can be farther from truth! Beliefs are a choice. We have the power to choose our beliefs. Our beliefs become our reality.

Beliefs are not just cold mental premises, but are ‘hot stuff’ intertwined with emotions (conscious or unconscious). Perhaps, that is why we feel threatened or react with sometimes uncalled for aggression, when we believe our beliefs are being challenged! Research findings have repeatedly pointed out that the emotional brain is no longer confined to the classical locales of the hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus.[1] The sensory inputs we receive from the environment undergo a filtering process as they travel across one or more synapses, ultimately reaching the area of higher processing, like the frontal lobes. There, the sensory information enters our conscious awareness. What portion of this sensory information enters is determined by our beliefs. Fortunately for us, receptors on the cell membranes are flexible, which can alter in sensitivity and conformation. In other words, even when we feel stuck ‘emotionally’, there is always a biochemical potential for change and possible growth. When we choose to change our thoughts (bursts of neurochemicals!), we become open and receptive to other pieces of sensory information hitherto blocked by our beliefs! When we change our thinking, we change our beliefs. When we change our beliefs, we change our behavior.

A mention of the ‘Placebo’ is most appropriate at this juncture. Medical history is replete with numerous reported cases where placebos were found to have a profound effect on a variety of disorders. One such astounding case was that of a woman suffering from severe nausea and vomiting. Objective measurements of her gastric contractions indicated a disrupted pattern matching the condition she complained of. Then a ‘new, magical, extremely potent’ drug was offered to her, which would, the doctors proclaimed, undoubtedly cure her nausea. Within a few minutes, her nausea vanished! The very same gastric tests now revealed normal pattern, when, in actuality, she had been given syrup of ipecac, a substance usually used to induce nausea! When the syrup was presented to her, paired with the strong suggestion of relief of nausea, by an authority figure, it acted as a (command) message to the brain that triggered a cascade of self-regulatory biochemical responses within the body.[2] This instance dramatically demonstrates that the influence of placebo could be more potent than expected drug effect.

An important observation was that, part of the placebo response seemed to involve the meaning of the disorder or the illness to the individual. In other words, the person's belief or how she/he interprets (inter-presents or internally represents) directly governs the biological response or behavior. Another remarkable study involved a schizophrenic. This woman was observed to have split personality. Under normal conditions, her blood glucose levels were normal. However, the moment she believed she was diabetic, her entire physiology changed to become that of a diabetic, including elevated blood glucose levels.[3]

Suggestions or symbolic messages shape beliefs that in turn affect our physical well being. Several cases of ‘Disappearance of warts’ have been reported by Ornstein and Sobel wherein they ponder on how the brain translates the suggestions (sometimes using hypnosis) into systematic biochemical battle strategies such as chemical messengers sent to enlist the aid of immune cells in an assault on the microbe-induced miniature tumor or probably small arteries are selectively constricted, cutting off the vital nutrient supply to warts but not touching the neighboring healthy cells.[2]

Findings of carefully designed research indicate that our interpretation of what we are seeing (experiencing) can literally alter our physiology. In fact, all symptoms of medicine work through our beliefs. By subtly transforming the unknown (disease/disorder) into something known, named, tamed and explained, alarm reactions in the brain can be calmed down. All therapies have a hidden, symbolic value and influence on the psyche, besides the direct specific effect they may have on the body.

Just as amazingly life-affirming placebos are, the reverse, “Nocebo' has been observed to be playing its part too. It is associated with negative, life-threatening or disempowering beliefs. Arthur Barsky, a psychiatrist states that it is the patient's expectations – beliefs whether a drug or procedure works or will have side effects – that plays a crucial role in the outcome.[4]

The biochemistry of our body stems from our awareness.[5] Belief-reinforced awareness becomes our biochemistry. Each and every tiny cell in our body is perfectly and absolutely aware of our thoughts, feelings and of course, our beliefs. There is a beautiful saying ‘Nobody grows old. When people stop growing, they become old’. If you believe you are fragile, the biochemistry of your body unquestionably obeys and manifests it. If you believe you are tough (irrespective of your weight and bone density!), your body undeniably mirrors it. When you believe you are depressed (more precisely, when you become consciously aware of your ‘Being depressed’), you stamp the raw data received through your sense organs, with a judgment – that is your personal view – and physically become the ‘interpretation’ as you internalize it. A classic example is ‘Psychosocial dwarfism’, wherein children who feel and believethat they are unloved, translate the perceived lack of love into depleted levels of growth hormone, in contrast to the strongly held view that growth hormone is released according to a preprogrammed schedule coded into the individual's genes!

Providing scientific evidence to support a holistic approach to well being and healthcare, Bruce Lipton sheds light on mechanism underlying healing at cellular level. He emphasizes that ‘love’ is the most healing emotion and ‘placebo’ effect accounts for a substantial percentage of any drug's action, underscoring the significance of beliefs in health and sickness. According to him, as adults, we still believe in and act our lives out based on information we absorbed as children (pathetic indeed!). And the good news is, we can do something about the ‘tape’ our subconscious mind is playing (ol' silly beliefs) and change them NOW.[6] Further recent literature evidences provided knowledge based on scientific principles of biology of belief. There are limited studies on clinics of traditional beliefs and if we get more scientific data, we can use these traditional systems in clinical mental health management. Human belief system is formed by all the experiences learned and experimented filtered through personality.[7] The senses to capture inner and outer perceptions have higher brain potentials. Some questions that arise in this context are, does the integration and acceptance of these perceptions result in the establishment of beliefs? Does the establishment of these beliefs depend on proof demonstrations? The proofs might be the perceptions, which we can directly see or having scientific proof or custom or faith.[8,9] Beliefs are developed as stimuli received as trusted information and stored in the memory. These perceptions are generalized and established into belief. These beliefs are involved in the moral judgment of the person. Beliefs help in decision-making. Bogousslavsky and Inglin explained that, how some physicians were more successful by taking an account of patient beliefs. Beliefs influence factors involved in the development of psychopathology. They also influence the cognitive and emotional assessment, addictiveness, responses to false positives and persistent normal defensive reactions. Total brain function is required in stabilizing the belief and in responding to environmental system. Some of the brain regions and the neural circuits are very important in establishing beliefs and executing emotions. Frontal lobes play a major role in beliefs. Mental representations of the world are integrated with sub-cortical information by prefrontal cortex. Amygdala and Hippocampus are involved in the process of thinking and thus help in execution of beliefs. NMDA receptor is involved in thinking and in the development of beliefs. These beliefs are subjected to challenge. A belief that is subjected to more challenges becomes stronger. When a new stimulus comes, it creates distress in the brain with already existing patterns. The distress results in the release of dopamine (neurotransmitter) to transmit the signal.[10,11] Research findings of Young and Saxe (2008) revealed that medial prefrontal cortex is involved in processing the belief valence.[12] Right temporoparietal junction and precuneus are involved in the processing of beliefs to moral judgment. True beliefs are processed through right temporoparietal junction.[13,14] Saxe (2006) explained that beliefs judging starts at the age of five years citing example of judging of belief questions on short stories by the children.[15] Belief attribution involved activating regions of medial prefrontal cortex, superior temporal gyri and hippocampal regions. Studies by Krummenacher et al, have shown that dopamine levels are associated with paranormal thoughts suggesting the role of dopamine in belief development in the brain.[16] Flannelly et al, illustrated on how primitive brain mechanisms that evolved to assess environmental threats in related psychiatric disorders.[17] Also were highlighted the issues such as the way beliefs can affect psychiatric symptoms through these brain systems. The theories discussed widely are related to (a) link psychiatric disorders to threat assessment and (b) explain how the normal functioning of threat assessment systems can become pathological. It is proposed that three brain structures are implicated in brain disorders in response to threat assessment and self-defense: the regions are the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and parts of limbic system. The functionality of these regions has great potential to understand mechanism of belief formation and its relevance in neurological functions/dysfunctions. Now it is clear that biology and physiology of belief is an open area for research both at basic and clinical level. The future directions are to develop validated experimental or sound theoretical interpretation to make ‘BELIEF’ as a potential clinical management tool.

Perceptual shifts are the prerequisites for changing the belief and hence changing the biochemistry of our body favorably. Our innate desire and willingness to learn and grow lead to newer perceptions. When we consciously allow newer perceptions to enter the brain by seeking new experiences, learning new skills and changed perspectives, our body can respond in newer ways –this is the true secret of youth. Beliefs (internal representations/interpretations) thus hold the magic wand of remarkable transformations in our biochemical profile. If you are chasing joy and peace all the time everywhere but exclaim exhausted, ‘Oh, it's to be found nowhere!’, why not change your interpretation of NOWHERE to ‘NOW HERE’; just by introducing a gap, you change your awareness – that changes your belief and that changes your biochemistry in an instant!

Everything exists as a ‘Matrix of pure possibilities’ akin to ‘formless’ molten wax or moldable soft clay. We shape them into anything we desire by choosing to do so, prompted, dictated (consciously or unconsciously) by our beliefs. The awareness that we are part of these ever-changing fields of energy that constantly interact with one another is what gives us the key hitherto elusive, to unlock the immense power within us. And it is our awareness of this awesome truth that changes everything. Then we transform ourselves from passive onlookers to powerful creators. Our beliefs provide the script to write or re-write the code of our reality.

Thoughts and beliefs are an integral part of the brain's operations. Neurotransmitters could be termed the ‘words’ brain uses to communicate with exchange of information occurring constantly, mediated by these molecular messengers. Unraveling the mystery of this molecular music induced by the magic of beliefs, dramatically influencing the biochemistry of brain could be an exciting adventure and a worth pursuing cerebral challenge.


1. Candace Pert. Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York, USA: Scribner Publications; 2003. ISBN-10: 0684846349.
2. Ornstein R, Sobel D. The healing brain: Breakthrough discoveries about how the brain keeps us healthy. USA: Malor Books; 1999. ISBN-10: 1883536170.
3. Robbins A. Unlimited power: The new science of personal excellence. UK: Simon and Schuster; 1986. ISBN 0-7434-0939-6.
4. Braden G. The spontaneous healing of belief. Hay House Publishers (India) Pvt. Ltd; 2008. ISBN 978-81-89988-39-5.
5. Chopra D. Ageless body, timeless mind: The quantum alternative to growing old. Hormony Publishers; 1994. ISBN -10: 0517882124.
6. Lipton B. The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Mountain of Love Publishers; 2005. ISBN 978-0975991473.
7. Bogousslavsky J, Inglin M. Beliefs and the brain. Eur Neurol. 2007;58:129–32. [PubMed: 17622716]
8. Gundersen L. Faith and healing. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:169–72. [PubMed: 10644287]
9. Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: Implications for clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001;76:1225–35. [PubMed: 11761504]
10. Patel AD, Peretz I, Tramo M, Labreque R. Processing prosodic and musical patterns: A neuropsychological investigation. Brain Lang. 1998;61:123–44. [PubMed: 9448936]
11. Tramo MJ. Biology and music. Music of the hemispheres. Science. 2001;291:54–6. [PubMed: 11192009]
12. Young L, Saxe R. The neural basis of belief encoding and integration in moral judgment. Neuroimage. 2008;40:1912–20. [PubMed: 18342544]
13. Aichhorn M, Perner J, Weiss B, Kronbichler M, Staffen W, Ladurner G. Temporo-parietal junction activity in theory-of-mind tasks: Falseness, beliefs, or attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009;21:1179–92. [PubMed: 18702587]
14. Abraham A, Rakoczy H, Werning M, von Cramon DY, Schubotz RI. Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Soc Neurosci. 2009;1:18. [PubMed: 19670085]
15. Saxe R. Why and how to study Theory of Mind with fMRI. Brain Res. 2006;1079:57–65. [PubMed: 16480695]
16. Krummenacher P, Mohr C, Haker H, Brugger P. Dopamine, paranormal belief, and the detection of meaningful stimuli. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jun 30; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed: 19642883]
17. Flannelly KJ, Koenig HG, Galek K, Ellison CG. Beliefs, mental health, and evolutionary threat assessment systems in the brain. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007;195:996–1003. [PubMed: 18091193]

Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications

HRPacing ...


Heart Rate Pacing is a technique used to stay within ones energy reserves. The anaerobic threshold (AT) is the heart rate at which aerobic energy surges. The threshold is often around about 60% of a ones maximum heart rate, though each person is different and an individual's threshold may vary from day to day or within a day.

(Note: Maximum heart rate is 220 minus ones age. For a 50 year old, 60% of maximum heart rate is (220 - 50) x 0.6 = 102 bpm.)


* Changes colour to indicate:

- Resting - (REST) Lavender

- Recovery (RECOVER) - Green (RHR + 10%)

- Exertion (EXERT) - Orange (RHR + 20%)

- Anaerobic Threshold (AT) - Red ((220-50)x0.6)

* Set an alert based on:

- reaching Anaerobic Threshold Zone, or

- custom set Maximum Heart Rate.

* Set the Anaerobic Threshold Tolerance from 0.6 (default) to 0.5 if desired.

* Set a custom interval between alerts (15 secs default).

* Displays 12/24 hour clock based on user settings in Fitbit profile.

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… duplicitous …

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summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

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