fragmented.ME …
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catch up : 19.04.2021 …

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Fortnightly Catch Up 19.04.2021 …

So I didn’t do too well with this last fortnight. So, I’ve decided that for the next month or so I am going to really try even harder and do the activity management using a HRM that I wrote about on my ‘anaerobic threshold & ME …’ page. Because, I know for sure if I carry on like I am there won’t be any tomorrows.

Don’t forget whenever you see MiA … it means I have been unable to journal anything on that day due to serious illness or just because I was unable to do anything, except keep my head above water, on that particular day.

What’s New …

I am getting more and more severe migraines again and so lots of my days are simply spent in bed with the blinds closed. However, I have been trying to take a picture #FromMyWindow every single day no matter how sick I am. Hope you enjoy seeing them, and because it’s spring and gardens change so quickly in this season I’m going to continue this idea through the whole of April.

What’s Important …

Now, the most extremely important thing is that I stick with trying to stay within my anaerobic threshold so that I don’t make myself any sicker. Over the last few months I have actually felt like I could be dying, and seriously I don’t want to die. So, even more seriously, I have to change how I am handling this illness.

Diary (05.04.2021-18.04.2021)

Monday …

#FromMyWindow 05.04.2021 ...

#FromMyWindow believe it or not, it snowed last night …

I woke at 07:15 and took my pain medications. Each time I move my HR goes above my AT, literally just turning over or the slightest movement sends me over my AT.

I made myself a latte and a large French Earl Grey tea (in my keep it warm cup). Tomorrow instead of #FromMyWindow image I’ll take one of my lovely latte and French Earl Grey tea setup. It means I only need to go downstairs once for two drinks LoL.

I’m staying in bed until I can cope with this.

I am contemplating if I should stay here all day in order to keep within my AT. How else will I do this pacing thing otherwise.

That said, I wanted, more like needed, a bath too.

morning symptoms: headache, left eye feels like it’s being twisted and pulled, painful aching upper back, all over raging flu like feeling, fast HR (just lay down it’s in the low 90s).

Anyone, who gets migraine will understand what I’m saying next. I feel as though I’m heading for a migraine so I got up and had a bath. I always charge my FitBit while I’m bathing so I’ve no idea what my HR was during my bath but after getting dried and dressed and lay flat downstairs on the settee it was between 105-125 for at least 45 minutes. Like I’d really overdone it.

How am I ever going to be able to take care of my personal needs and stay within my AT zone?

This makes me feel really sad … as I am sure that it would make anyone feel …

Sending myself lots of love and kindness today xXx

Tuesday …

#FromMyBed 06.04.2021 ...#FromMyBed this is the image I promised yesterday.

I woke at 08:02 but my head hurt that much, apart from taking my tablets, I couldn’t move. Fortunately for me I woke at the right time to take my pain medications too. Yesterday, I took the full allowed amount so today, no matter how poorly I am, I am bound by the same tablet taking time pattern as yesterday.

Sometimes, when I take the full allowed amount of pain medications the following day I wake up extra early and in extra pain and apart from falling back on to aspirin or brupofen style medications I have to suffer along with ice alone until the time arrives when I can safely take my next tablets. Because I take pain medications daily, and I already have a damaged liver, this is really important in order for me not to accidentally overdose or damage my liver any further.

I lay very still and very quiet and I needed the loo, some ice packs for the top of my head, and a drink too but I just couldn’t move because I felt so poorly. It took till almost an hour later when I could move and I seriously needed the loo and a drink too.

morning symptoms: 8/10 pain level on top of my head, 10/10 pain level in my upper back, 7/10 pain level all over my body, sore throat and ‘I’m poorly sick’ overall feeling. 

I just remembered that I had some horrific scary dreams last night and I woke at 02:15 feeling really afraid and unable to get out of bed because of fear. I don’t generally recall my dreams and I almost never have scary dreams.

I stayed in bed until 15:30 and got very unwell again after my tea at 18:30.

Wednesday …


#FromMyBed 07.04.2021 ...

#FromMyBed 07.04.2021 … feeling so poorly today. I may not even be able to do my symptoms until much later or even until tomorrow.

I woke at around 02:30 after another awful and realistic dream. Weird, because I honestly don’t normally remember my dreams or have lucid dreaming. But I’m unsure as to whether even the waking up was part of the dream and I didn’t actually wake at all. There’s no evidence on my FitBit sleep record of any prolonged wake ups.

That said, I feel like I have had a very broken and uncomfortable night with barely any sleep. Yet, my FitBit tells a different story. My body says I slept like shit and I am on the edge of a migraine. My sleep report says you had a good sleep.

morning symptoms: woke properly at around 06:15 and I felt seriously sick, like I have something quite serious. I expect that it’s nothing more than PEM, but it’s all relative and PRM is still serious and shows that I’m not getting out of this crash soon or by resting.

Thursday …

#FromMyWindow 08.04.2021 ...

#FromMyWindow – YaaY I am up and downstairs before 09:30. This image is taken from our lounge patio door windows. It’s another rainy day in Cumbria, but it’s still beautiful too.

The reason for me being up and about, if not dressed, is basically because we’re having McDonald’s for breakfast LoL … there’s nowt like food to shift me.

* I love food. However, my ability to digest food has become extremely poor since becoming more severe with ME. So, I don’t often have breakfast or lunch. Regarding McDonald’s, it’s a treat that we plan for, while I can still manage to digest food, so that I still feel a little normal.

That said, I am still in my PJs and that’s ok. PJs in the car is ok, isn’t it? And of course I will pay a price for eating so much and so early too. But, some days you take the price and enjoy the pleasure.

Right? Well I do anyway …

morning symptoms: woke at 06:20 with a massive headache. Took my tablets, got an ice pack, and lay still and quiet for an hour. I had massive head, neck and upper back pain with full on nausea. I had moderate body pain. 

Once I could cope with the pain levels I got my usual drinks (a latte and a French Earl Grey) and took them back upstairs. The husband was still in bed, which was very unusual, and the smell from our room was really affecting me so I opened the window an inch, it was raining. Then I took another very gentle hour to come round fully.

Got up and went to McDonald’s. The husband drove and I just had my PJs and a cardigan on. My HR was crazy the whole of the time.

By the time we got home I felt drugged tired and my HR was in the 120s. I fell asleep and woke four hours later. HR below AT, but only just.

While eating my tea, half of the tooth that I’m having extracted next week fell out. It hurts. It cut the side of my inner cheek. I am just so poorly. The whole of me is falling apart.

Friday …


#FromMyWindow 09.04.2021 ...

#FromMyWindow …

I am so poorly today that I had to get my husband to open the blinds so I could take a picture. This is what I am looking at from the one open blind …

I didn’t get up until 18:45 today and was presented with the sad news that HRH Prince Philip had died. RIP HRH and much love to The Queen and the Royal Family too in their loss and grief.

I have a treat for you, tomorrow’s pictures are from outside tonight. My husband took them at 18:45 as I came downstairs he messaged them to me and I thought I’d use them for tomorrow’s post.

My inside cheek from where my tooth has broken off is swollen, raw, and painful, more so that the actual open tooth. I have it extracted on Wednesday, preplanned, and so I really don’t want to go to the dentist now. I’m guessing this tooth is why I’m feeling extra poorly today.

Saturday …


#FromMyGarden 09.04.2021 ...#FromMyGarden (yesterday evening) …

Woke up the first time at 04:15, too early to take my pain medications as I have to get through the whole day.

Woke again at 06:30 and took them and went straight back to sleep. In too much pain to face the day.

Finally woke at 10:30 feeling much better but in lots of pain and my HR is crazy. Just lay in bed it’s in the 100+ so I’m not moving just yet. May also need to take second lot of pain medications, which doesn’t bode well and probably means a day of pain and full allocation of pain medications …

Sunday …


#FromMyBed 11.04.2021 ...

#FromMyBed 11.04.2021 …

Another day in bed …

So poorly …

Got up around 14:00, maybe later. I am having a really prolonged shit time of things lately.

Monday …

Had a very bad night last night. Was extremely insomniac and didn’t get to sleep until 05:00 this morning.

Look at these gorgeous gorgeous dr martens my oldest boy bought me … I love love love them …

dr martens ...

I’ve no idea when I’ll get to go anywhere to wear them but it’s things like this that give me hope … being a woman who loves clothes & shoes these are enough to make me need a well day LoL …

I woke at 07:05 and took these photos then had to sleep again until 12:00. But, oh how lovely it was to see these when I woke again.

#FromMyWindow 12.04.2021 ...

I have to have a bath today or the smell of my hair will knock the dentist out on Wednesday … so sometime later I will be having a bath.

I will also start my twice weekly coronavirus tests (because I’m not being vaccinated I think this is a good way for me to manage my status).

I had my bath and felt utterly dreadful and had to just sleep until teatime.

We had tea and watched a bit of TV. I came to bed at 22:00 and fell asleep straight away.

Tuesday …

Woke at 06:00, took my tablets and slept until 10:00. I don’t feel too bad considering I had a bath yesterday. But, I’m guessing by the anxiety I’ve got it’s adrenaline from anxiety about going to the dentist tomorrow and also worrying about having a migraine and having to either cancel or go there very sick.

The nerves and anxiety started today. I am so scared. The dentist is one of my biggest fears. Actually no, any kind of intrusion on me creates anxiety and fear.

I have to keep telling myself that some people, who have cancer, and are so poorly with ME they have to be tube fed, and loads of other debilitating conditions, have to go through worse than this. They really do. And so I just need to breathe … and keep breathing long, slow and deep. I can do this!

Wednesday …

Dentist appointment (for two dental extractions) (14:55) …

#ThrowBack 31.03.2017 ...

I thought I’d share a throwback image with you. I know the sky is ominous but look at that perfect rainbow.

I find rainbows are so symbolic for me (I’ll tell you about this another day).

This was taken on 31.03.2017, the birthday of my deceased dad, and just prior to starting our house build.

I haven’t been able to write anything much today, but once I return from the dentist, or tomorrow if I’m too poorly when it’s over, I will fill this in with the whole physical, psychological and emotional experience.

This is so hard for me … so really hard … it’s not my old dentist who I was used to neither. It’s a new one that my husband claims isn’t as good as our old one …

before …

I am so afraid. It’s like a phobia it’s that bad.

I am sweating, my HR 120+ (doing nothing just lay there), I have a headache that is raging, my feet and lower legs are freezing, yet my upper back and upper half of my body is dripping in sweat, and I have palpitations.

I arrived at the dentist at 14:40 and checked in at 14:47. I waited until 15.10 to go in to the dentist.

At one point, I almost said to the receptionist if I don’t go in soon I’m going to have to leave. I felt sweaty. I felt dizzy. I felt faded in my head. I was so scared and I’d been like that since waking up.

It was all way too much for my poorly body.

during …

The new dentist was very nice, extremely kind and very reassuring and so was his lovely kind assistant. He explained everything to me and injected the anaesthetic at 15:15 and before the needles were out of my gums the teeth were numb. He hardly believed me.

By 15:25 I was leaving with both teeth gone. So I’m guessing it was a relatively easy procedure.

After having the anaesthetic my HR went to 157, but the dentist said that was OK, some people go from 60+ to 150+, mine went from 125+ to almost 160, which was fine.

after …

#FromMyCar 14.04.2021 ...

I am home now at 16:15 lay down on the settee. My HR is crazy but I no longer feel anxious. I already have pain around the extraction areas, so I know the anaesthetic is wearing off already.

I feel so exhausted.

I have a nasty headache and so I’m keeping quiet now.

I haven’t eaten anything yet today, but I need to wait for two hours to eat and drink, and really to be honest I don’t feel hungry I feel poorly.

It’s 17:20 now and the numbness is finally shifting from my tongue. It still feels thick, but I can feel a bit more of it now. My head is still mega even though I took my tablets 30 minutes ago.

Thursday …


Friday …


Saturday …


Sorry I have been extra unwell. Probably because of all the adrenaline, my own and the injections …

Sunday …


Sorry but I’m still out of action …

* just a reminder that I am fundraising for The ME Trust UK as part of ME awareness 2021. I am going to read 10 books in 10 months and document them on the ‘ten books in ten months …’  blog page.

Please click the link above to read more about this and to also donate and help me raise as much money as we can to The ME Trust UK.

 fragmented.ME xXx

Last Updated on 12/05/2022 by fragmented_ME

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My birth name is Denise, but I’m know as Bella to those who love me. I have a first class honours degree in education & psychology and a strong passion to keep learning and educating others ... I have severe ME/CFS and lots of other chronic illnesses and I started this blog as an expansion to my instagram page, where I advocate for chronic illness. I am married and have two grown up boys, or should I say young men. I have three gorgeous grandchildren, one boy and two girls. And despite being chronically sick and housebound I am mostly happy. 🥰

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10 steps to practicing Radical Acceptance
according to DBT’s founder, Marsha Linehan:


1.  Observe that you are questioning or fighting reality (“it shouldn’t be this way”)

2.  Remind yourself that the unpleasant reality is just as it is and cannot be changed (“this is what happened”)

3.  Remind yourself that there are causes for the reality (“this is how things happened”)

4.  Practice accepting with your whole self (mind, body, spirit) - Use accepting self-talk, relaxation techniques, mindfulness and/or imagery

5.  List all of the behaviors you would engage in if you did accept the facts and then engage in those behaviors as if you have already accepted the facts

6.  Imagine, in your mind’s eye, believing what you do not want to accept and rehearse in your mind what you would do if you accepted what seems unacceptable

7.  Attend to body sensations as you think about what you need to accept

8.  Allow disappointment, sadness or grief to arise within you

9.  Acknowledge that life can be worth living even when there is pain

10.  Do pros and cons if you find yourself resisting practicing acceptance

Logo of ijpsych

2009 Oct-Dec; 51(4): 239–241.
doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285
PMCID: PMC2802367
PMID: 20048445

The biochemistry of belief

Address for correspondence: Dr. TS Sathyanarayana Rao, Department of Psychiatry, JSS University, JSS Medical College Hospital, M.G. Road, Mysore - 570 004, India. E-mail: moc.oohay@91oarsst
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

“Man is what he believes”

Anton Chekhov

Beliefs are basically the guiding principles in life that provide direction and meaning in life. Beliefs are the preset, organized filters to our perceptions of the world (external and internal). Beliefs are like ‘Internal commands’ to the brain as to how to represent what is happening, when we congruently believe something to be true. In the absence of beliefs or inability to tap into them, people feel disempowered.

Beliefs originate from what we hear - and keep on hearing from others, ever since we were children (and even before that!). The sources of beliefs include environment, events, knowledge, past experiences, visualization etc. One of the biggest misconceptions people often harbor is that belief is a static, intellectual concept. Nothing can be farther from truth! Beliefs are a choice. We have the power to choose our beliefs. Our beliefs become our reality.

Beliefs are not just cold mental premises, but are ‘hot stuff’ intertwined with emotions (conscious or unconscious). Perhaps, that is why we feel threatened or react with sometimes uncalled for aggression, when we believe our beliefs are being challenged! Research findings have repeatedly pointed out that the emotional brain is no longer confined to the classical locales of the hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus.[1] The sensory inputs we receive from the environment undergo a filtering process as they travel across one or more synapses, ultimately reaching the area of higher processing, like the frontal lobes. There, the sensory information enters our conscious awareness. What portion of this sensory information enters is determined by our beliefs. Fortunately for us, receptors on the cell membranes are flexible, which can alter in sensitivity and conformation. In other words, even when we feel stuck ‘emotionally’, there is always a biochemical potential for change and possible growth. When we choose to change our thoughts (bursts of neurochemicals!), we become open and receptive to other pieces of sensory information hitherto blocked by our beliefs! When we change our thinking, we change our beliefs. When we change our beliefs, we change our behavior.

A mention of the ‘Placebo’ is most appropriate at this juncture. Medical history is replete with numerous reported cases where placebos were found to have a profound effect on a variety of disorders. One such astounding case was that of a woman suffering from severe nausea and vomiting. Objective measurements of her gastric contractions indicated a disrupted pattern matching the condition she complained of. Then a ‘new, magical, extremely potent’ drug was offered to her, which would, the doctors proclaimed, undoubtedly cure her nausea. Within a few minutes, her nausea vanished! The very same gastric tests now revealed normal pattern, when, in actuality, she had been given syrup of ipecac, a substance usually used to induce nausea! When the syrup was presented to her, paired with the strong suggestion of relief of nausea, by an authority figure, it acted as a (command) message to the brain that triggered a cascade of self-regulatory biochemical responses within the body.[2] This instance dramatically demonstrates that the influence of placebo could be more potent than expected drug effect.

An important observation was that, part of the placebo response seemed to involve the meaning of the disorder or the illness to the individual. In other words, the person's belief or how she/he interprets (inter-presents or internally represents) directly governs the biological response or behavior. Another remarkable study involved a schizophrenic. This woman was observed to have split personality. Under normal conditions, her blood glucose levels were normal. However, the moment she believed she was diabetic, her entire physiology changed to become that of a diabetic, including elevated blood glucose levels.[3]

Suggestions or symbolic messages shape beliefs that in turn affect our physical well being. Several cases of ‘Disappearance of warts’ have been reported by Ornstein and Sobel wherein they ponder on how the brain translates the suggestions (sometimes using hypnosis) into systematic biochemical battle strategies such as chemical messengers sent to enlist the aid of immune cells in an assault on the microbe-induced miniature tumor or probably small arteries are selectively constricted, cutting off the vital nutrient supply to warts but not touching the neighboring healthy cells.[2]

Findings of carefully designed research indicate that our interpretation of what we are seeing (experiencing) can literally alter our physiology. In fact, all symptoms of medicine work through our beliefs. By subtly transforming the unknown (disease/disorder) into something known, named, tamed and explained, alarm reactions in the brain can be calmed down. All therapies have a hidden, symbolic value and influence on the psyche, besides the direct specific effect they may have on the body.

Just as amazingly life-affirming placebos are, the reverse, “Nocebo' has been observed to be playing its part too. It is associated with negative, life-threatening or disempowering beliefs. Arthur Barsky, a psychiatrist states that it is the patient's expectations – beliefs whether a drug or procedure works or will have side effects – that plays a crucial role in the outcome.[4]

The biochemistry of our body stems from our awareness.[5] Belief-reinforced awareness becomes our biochemistry. Each and every tiny cell in our body is perfectly and absolutely aware of our thoughts, feelings and of course, our beliefs. There is a beautiful saying ‘Nobody grows old. When people stop growing, they become old’. If you believe you are fragile, the biochemistry of your body unquestionably obeys and manifests it. If you believe you are tough (irrespective of your weight and bone density!), your body undeniably mirrors it. When you believe you are depressed (more precisely, when you become consciously aware of your ‘Being depressed’), you stamp the raw data received through your sense organs, with a judgment – that is your personal view – and physically become the ‘interpretation’ as you internalize it. A classic example is ‘Psychosocial dwarfism’, wherein children who feel and believethat they are unloved, translate the perceived lack of love into depleted levels of growth hormone, in contrast to the strongly held view that growth hormone is released according to a preprogrammed schedule coded into the individual's genes!

Providing scientific evidence to support a holistic approach to well being and healthcare, Bruce Lipton sheds light on mechanism underlying healing at cellular level. He emphasizes that ‘love’ is the most healing emotion and ‘placebo’ effect accounts for a substantial percentage of any drug's action, underscoring the significance of beliefs in health and sickness. According to him, as adults, we still believe in and act our lives out based on information we absorbed as children (pathetic indeed!). And the good news is, we can do something about the ‘tape’ our subconscious mind is playing (ol' silly beliefs) and change them NOW.[6] Further recent literature evidences provided knowledge based on scientific principles of biology of belief. There are limited studies on clinics of traditional beliefs and if we get more scientific data, we can use these traditional systems in clinical mental health management. Human belief system is formed by all the experiences learned and experimented filtered through personality.[7] The senses to capture inner and outer perceptions have higher brain potentials. Some questions that arise in this context are, does the integration and acceptance of these perceptions result in the establishment of beliefs? Does the establishment of these beliefs depend on proof demonstrations? The proofs might be the perceptions, which we can directly see or having scientific proof or custom or faith.[8,9] Beliefs are developed as stimuli received as trusted information and stored in the memory. These perceptions are generalized and established into belief. These beliefs are involved in the moral judgment of the person. Beliefs help in decision-making. Bogousslavsky and Inglin explained that, how some physicians were more successful by taking an account of patient beliefs. Beliefs influence factors involved in the development of psychopathology. They also influence the cognitive and emotional assessment, addictiveness, responses to false positives and persistent normal defensive reactions. Total brain function is required in stabilizing the belief and in responding to environmental system. Some of the brain regions and the neural circuits are very important in establishing beliefs and executing emotions. Frontal lobes play a major role in beliefs. Mental representations of the world are integrated with sub-cortical information by prefrontal cortex. Amygdala and Hippocampus are involved in the process of thinking and thus help in execution of beliefs. NMDA receptor is involved in thinking and in the development of beliefs. These beliefs are subjected to challenge. A belief that is subjected to more challenges becomes stronger. When a new stimulus comes, it creates distress in the brain with already existing patterns. The distress results in the release of dopamine (neurotransmitter) to transmit the signal.[10,11] Research findings of Young and Saxe (2008) revealed that medial prefrontal cortex is involved in processing the belief valence.[12] Right temporoparietal junction and precuneus are involved in the processing of beliefs to moral judgment. True beliefs are processed through right temporoparietal junction.[13,14] Saxe (2006) explained that beliefs judging starts at the age of five years citing example of judging of belief questions on short stories by the children.[15] Belief attribution involved activating regions of medial prefrontal cortex, superior temporal gyri and hippocampal regions. Studies by Krummenacher et al, have shown that dopamine levels are associated with paranormal thoughts suggesting the role of dopamine in belief development in the brain.[16] Flannelly et al, illustrated on how primitive brain mechanisms that evolved to assess environmental threats in related psychiatric disorders.[17] Also were highlighted the issues such as the way beliefs can affect psychiatric symptoms through these brain systems. The theories discussed widely are related to (a) link psychiatric disorders to threat assessment and (b) explain how the normal functioning of threat assessment systems can become pathological. It is proposed that three brain structures are implicated in brain disorders in response to threat assessment and self-defense: the regions are the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and parts of limbic system. The functionality of these regions has great potential to understand mechanism of belief formation and its relevance in neurological functions/dysfunctions. Now it is clear that biology and physiology of belief is an open area for research both at basic and clinical level. The future directions are to develop validated experimental or sound theoretical interpretation to make ‘BELIEF’ as a potential clinical management tool.

Perceptual shifts are the prerequisites for changing the belief and hence changing the biochemistry of our body favorably. Our innate desire and willingness to learn and grow lead to newer perceptions. When we consciously allow newer perceptions to enter the brain by seeking new experiences, learning new skills and changed perspectives, our body can respond in newer ways –this is the true secret of youth. Beliefs (internal representations/interpretations) thus hold the magic wand of remarkable transformations in our biochemical profile. If you are chasing joy and peace all the time everywhere but exclaim exhausted, ‘Oh, it's to be found nowhere!’, why not change your interpretation of NOWHERE to ‘NOW HERE’; just by introducing a gap, you change your awareness – that changes your belief and that changes your biochemistry in an instant!

Everything exists as a ‘Matrix of pure possibilities’ akin to ‘formless’ molten wax or moldable soft clay. We shape them into anything we desire by choosing to do so, prompted, dictated (consciously or unconsciously) by our beliefs. The awareness that we are part of these ever-changing fields of energy that constantly interact with one another is what gives us the key hitherto elusive, to unlock the immense power within us. And it is our awareness of this awesome truth that changes everything. Then we transform ourselves from passive onlookers to powerful creators. Our beliefs provide the script to write or re-write the code of our reality.

Thoughts and beliefs are an integral part of the brain's operations. Neurotransmitters could be termed the ‘words’ brain uses to communicate with exchange of information occurring constantly, mediated by these molecular messengers. Unraveling the mystery of this molecular music induced by the magic of beliefs, dramatically influencing the biochemistry of brain could be an exciting adventure and a worth pursuing cerebral challenge.


1. Candace Pert. Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York, USA: Scribner Publications; 2003. ISBN-10: 0684846349.
2. Ornstein R, Sobel D. The healing brain: Breakthrough discoveries about how the brain keeps us healthy. USA: Malor Books; 1999. ISBN-10: 1883536170.
3. Robbins A. Unlimited power: The new science of personal excellence. UK: Simon and Schuster; 1986. ISBN 0-7434-0939-6.
4. Braden G. The spontaneous healing of belief. Hay House Publishers (India) Pvt. Ltd; 2008. ISBN 978-81-89988-39-5.
5. Chopra D. Ageless body, timeless mind: The quantum alternative to growing old. Hormony Publishers; 1994. ISBN -10: 0517882124.
6. Lipton B. The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Mountain of Love Publishers; 2005. ISBN 978-0975991473.
7. Bogousslavsky J, Inglin M. Beliefs and the brain. Eur Neurol. 2007;58:129–32. [PubMed: 17622716]
8. Gundersen L. Faith and healing. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:169–72. [PubMed: 10644287]
9. Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: Implications for clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001;76:1225–35. [PubMed: 11761504]
10. Patel AD, Peretz I, Tramo M, Labreque R. Processing prosodic and musical patterns: A neuropsychological investigation. Brain Lang. 1998;61:123–44. [PubMed: 9448936]
11. Tramo MJ. Biology and music. Music of the hemispheres. Science. 2001;291:54–6. [PubMed: 11192009]
12. Young L, Saxe R. The neural basis of belief encoding and integration in moral judgment. Neuroimage. 2008;40:1912–20. [PubMed: 18342544]
13. Aichhorn M, Perner J, Weiss B, Kronbichler M, Staffen W, Ladurner G. Temporo-parietal junction activity in theory-of-mind tasks: Falseness, beliefs, or attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009;21:1179–92. [PubMed: 18702587]
14. Abraham A, Rakoczy H, Werning M, von Cramon DY, Schubotz RI. Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Soc Neurosci. 2009;1:18. [PubMed: 19670085]
15. Saxe R. Why and how to study Theory of Mind with fMRI. Brain Res. 2006;1079:57–65. [PubMed: 16480695]
16. Krummenacher P, Mohr C, Haker H, Brugger P. Dopamine, paranormal belief, and the detection of meaningful stimuli. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jun 30; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed: 19642883]
17. Flannelly KJ, Koenig HG, Galek K, Ellison CG. Beliefs, mental health, and evolutionary threat assessment systems in the brain. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007;195:996–1003. [PubMed: 18091193]

Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications

HRPacing ...


Heart Rate Pacing is a technique used to stay within ones energy reserves. The anaerobic threshold (AT) is the heart rate at which aerobic energy surges. The threshold is often around about 60% of a ones maximum heart rate, though each person is different and an individual's threshold may vary from day to day or within a day.

(Note: Maximum heart rate is 220 minus ones age. For a 50 year old, 60% of maximum heart rate is (220 - 50) x 0.6 = 102 bpm.)


* Changes colour to indicate:

- Resting - (REST) Lavender

- Recovery (RECOVER) - Green (RHR + 10%)

- Exertion (EXERT) - Orange (RHR + 20%)

- Anaerobic Threshold (AT) - Red ((220-50)x0.6)

* Set an alert based on:

- reaching Anaerobic Threshold Zone, or

- custom set Maximum Heart Rate.

* Set the Anaerobic Threshold Tolerance from 0.6 (default) to 0.5 if desired.

* Set a custom interval between alerts (15 secs default).

* Displays 12/24 hour clock based on user settings in Fitbit profile.

cognitive deficits in patients with ME/CFS …

where is the …

[give_form id="3285"]


I am gathering together a living list of people with ME

you can view the list by going to ‘ME list …’ and clicking on each initial
the list is ordered alphabetically, by christian name

you can add your name to the list by going to ‘ME lis (submission) …
and submitting your details along with an image

help me fund my ME treatment ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for the introductory workshop by donating £65

you can pay for an individual care plan by donating £71

you can pay for a monthly session by donating £71

you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical review by donating £121

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

you can pay for the individual assessment by donating £141

you can pay for a medical assessment by donating £187

Thank you very much !

help me fund my assessment treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for a medical assessment by donating £187

you can pay for an initial assessment by donating £141

you can pay for a medical review by donating £121

Thank you very much !

help me fund my preparation for rehabilitation treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for the introductory workshop by donating £65

you can pay for an individual care plan by donating £71

Thank you very much !

help me fund my rehabilitation treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for a monthly session by donating £71

Thank you very much !

help me fund my follow up treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

Thank you very much !

… duplicitous …

duplicitous …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

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