fragmented.ME …
illness & health ...,  reflections & ramblings ...

exercise + ME + long covid & the BBC (part 2)

Reading time: 7 Minutes

Exercise * ME * Long Covid & the (bloody) BBC …

Read exercise + ME + long covid & the BBC (part 1) …

… I know I already had my …
… other recent post about this subject …

… BUT …

I don’t generally post twice in one day, especially about the same subject matter, but I feel rather moany about this subject and so as well as placing this in its rightful category ‘illness & health’ I also felt I felt it had to be put in the ‘reflections & ramblings’ category too.

the BBC & ME …

When it comes to the BBC and ME I genuinely feel they don’t give ME fair and equal press. They downgrade and down play it, misquote and misinform, and even allow the use of ME as the butt of many a joke, despite numerous complaints.

a bit of history …

At the start of covid my husband responded to a BBC article and didn’t even receive an acknowledgement from them. Despicable and disrespectful too.

the bloody BBC …

And so they are at it again. Feeding the UK public untruths regarding ME, not getting their facts right, and potentially giving out dangerous advice to unsuspecting new patients of both ME and of long covid.

Meaning that all advocates for truth, and for the truth about ME, have to rectify the wrongs of the bloody BBC.

correcting the wrongs …

I needed to share with you The ME Association response to BBC newsnight last night and the implications that exercise is a cure for ME and by default a cure for long covid too. This information, potentially taken as advice by some, is dangerous and tantamount to medical neglect and worthy of sacking.

Please, please, anyone with any chance of having ME/CFS or long covid, take heed and read …

… i t   i s …
. . .   i m p o r t a n t   . . .

everything below is taken in its entirety
from ME association website

 fragmented.ME xXx

Blog article to follow is Copyright © ME Association (April 2021).
Updated April 2021. From …

ME Association Statement on Exercise in ME/CFS and Long Covid

April 21, 2021

Russell Fleming, Content Manager, ME Association 

The ME Association decided to issue this position statement on exercise and activity management in ME/CFS (and Long Covid) in light of recent discussions which have appeared on, for example, BBC Newsnight, and in the Guardian newspaper and that are continuing online.

ME Association Complaint Re: Newsnight 08 April 2021 Long Covid & ME/CFS

Dr Charles Shepherd, 14 April 2021 

Dear Sir, 

There was a serious lack of balance and information in this Newsnight report regarding the efficacy and safety of using intensifying exercise programmes in the management of ME/CFS and Long Covid.  

  1. NICE has reviewed clinical trial and patient evidence on the safety and efficacy of graded exercise therapy (GET) in ME/CFS and concluded (in the current November 2020 working draft of the new ME/CFS guideline) that GET should no longer be recommended as a treatment.  
    Extensive patient evidence has repeatedly confirmed that over half of people with ME/CFS who have been treated with GET have been made worse as a result. 
  1. The NICE guideline on Long Covid is not recommending GET for Long Covid.   
  1. Given the fact that a significant number of people with Long Covid have undetected respiratory or cardiac/myocardial damage, and that suddenly returning to an intensifying exercise programme could precipitate cardiac arrhythmias in those with cardiac damage, a warning about this potential and serious adverse event should have been included. 
  1. The statement regarding a research survey carried out by Professor Singh: 

“Medics running Long Covid clinics…… A survey of over 1000 clinicians showed over 87% supporting the use of intensifying exercise programmes” 

 …was misleading and requires a correction. 

This research was carried out in early April 2020 – well before Long Covid was recognised as a serious post COVID condition and one where undetected cardiac damage could be present.  

The respondents were mainly physiotherapists – only 6% were physicians.   

There is no reference to the safety and efficacy of using an intensifying exercise programme for people with Long Covid in this survey.  


I would be grateful if you could investigate these concerns and look forward to hearing from you in due course. 

Yours sincerely, 

Dr Charles Shepherd 

Hon. Medical Adviser, ME Association 

Graded Exercise Therapy

The ME Association is not and never has been against exercise per se. What we have consistently been saying since publication of the current NICE guideline (2007) and the PACE Trial (2011), is that use of regimented and inflexible graded exercise therapy as a management approach for people with ME/CFS is wrong, ineffective, and can cause harm.

We have repeatedly called for GET to be withdrawn as a recommendation by NICE, have supported research that has found clinical trial evidence to be defective, and we have supported the publication of patient survey evidence which has consistently shown how ineffective and harmful this method of treatment can be.

The campaign we were a part of to overturn the NICE recommendation, culminated in the largest ever ME Association petition (2017). NICE finally decided to completely review the ME/CFS guideline, and after a full assessment of the evidence, it withdrew its endorsement of GET in November 2020. NICE has also cautioned against the use of GET for Long Covid.

See also

Activity Management

For some people, depending on their current state of health and functional ability, exercise can be carefully introduced as part of activity management or pacing, so long as the individual can accommodate an increase in physical activity and it does not lead to an exacerbation or relapse of ME/CFS symptoms.

The same is true of Long Covid – although people with this condition and the health professionals who treat them also need to be aware of any potential organ damage relating to the initiating Covid-19 infection that would require additional medical care.

With both conditions, health professionals need to be aware that people who have been unable to lead active lifestyles because of illness and who are still disabled, should not be coerced into suddenly adopting potentially harmful exercise regimens that fail to take into account likely risk factors.

Exercise comes in many forms, and while it is not a realistic goal for many with ME/CFS – and we are against any form of strenuous aerobic exercise – gentle exercise in the form of short walks outside, gentle swimming, short cycle rides or yoga can be beneficial when people are showing definite signs of improvement, or as an aid to increasing fitness.

Pacing or activity management takes account of an individual’s current abilities and when practised correctly, allows them to function inside of their ‘energy envelope’ while the body heals enabling symptoms to be managed.

The level of function can vary considerably between individuals and at different times. ME/CFS is considered a fluctuating illness  and severity is defined broadly as Mild, Moderate, Severe, and Very Severe. Exercise might only be possible for people who are mildly affected, but even then, they need to take care and avoid potential relapses.

More information

The ME Association has not encountered anyone with ME/CFS who has not tried to push against their limits from time to time, when they think they can, or when circumstances allow or dictate. However, exercise is not a panacea or proven means of recovery. Indeed, exercise is contra-indicated for many who are still struggling to achieve basic daily functions.

Cautious trial and error can be a way of learning we can do more – or that we should be sticking where we are, or even doing less. It is natural to try and push and to fight to get back to work or education as part of our efforts to return to ‘normal’ life especially while we are wrestling with acceptance.

Nobody wants to remain housebound or bedbound or limited by ill-health and having to depend on the support of others. This isn’t about a lack of positive mental attitude or avoidance based on fear. It is about realistic expectations and trying to prevent further harm.

People with ME/CFS and Long Covid will often learn the hard way about how much they can endure at any particular time and the rest they need to compensate. Health professionals should listen to their patients, learn from their experiences, and tailor management to be realistic to that person’s abilities. They should be flexible in their approach and should not apply the same approach to everyone or believe that continued disability is a result of deconditioning and that exercise is the answer.

Post-exertional malaise

Post-exertional malaise is for many the defining symptom of ME/CFS. This basically means that if a person tries to do more than they are able (through mental or physical exertion), the intensity of their symptoms will increase as a direct result leading to setbacks or relapses.

Research confirming the presence of PEM as a key clinical feature of ME/CFS, has been carried out by several teams in America using Cardio-Pulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) and this has shown that the aerobic energy system does not work properly and that exercise can provoke ME/CFS symptoms.

With appropriate convalescence and careful management, it is possible for an individual to experience more stability in symptom severity and fluctuations. They might even show signs of improved functional ability allowing greater – if still limited – freedoms.

Understanding the principles of PEM can allow more activity and less need to rest as an individual’s ‘energy envelope’ expands. But health professionals need to recognise that this is not true of everyone’s experience.

For many with ME/CFS, increasing the ability to carry out daily activities such as dressing, improving personal hygiene, preparing meals, and becoming more independent etc. will be necessary priorities before any other activity is even contemplated.

If an individual no longer has PEM then they should review their ME/CFS diagnosis with a doctor. It is not clear of the extent to which PEM is a key component of Long Covid, although from the feedback we have received it would seem to be part of the symptom presentation for a lot of people.

Research into Long covid

We would welcome more research that aims to identify the extent of any overlaps between ME/CFS and Long Covid as well as research examining any related biological abnormalities common across post-viral fatigue syndromes.

More information

N.B. We will shortly be providing a comprehensive update to the Long Covid & Management leaflet, and all relevant MEA leaflets will be updated following final publication of the new NICE clinical guideline on ME/CFS (18 August 2021).

 © The ME Association

Last Updated on 12/05/2022 by The ME Association

fragmented.ME news ...
fragmented.ME news ...

Oh hi there 👋
It’s nice to meet you.

Sign up to receive a notification each time we post new content ...

(usually twice a week, but this will be no more than three times a week)

Read our privacy policy for more info.


The ME Association is here to support people through all stages of their illness because we desperately want to see everyone get the help they need and, through research, help to develop an effective treatment and one day even a cure.

Don`t copy text!

Your message has been successfully sent

Unable to send.



ME Awareness Month 2022

read what I’m doing & what you could do

what ME is to me …

newsletter (subscribe) ...

Please use this form if you would like to get notified when we update or add new blogs. You’ll hear from us soon!

If you have any other suggestions for ‘anything’ you would like me to write about or if you would like to contribute your own piece to fragmented.ME, please contact me using this contact form.

Leave this field blank
Please put your full & real name here ...
Please put your full & real name here ...

... share this page ...

10 steps to practicing Radical Acceptance
according to DBT’s founder, Marsha Linehan:


1.  Observe that you are questioning or fighting reality (“it shouldn’t be this way”)

2.  Remind yourself that the unpleasant reality is just as it is and cannot be changed (“this is what happened”)

3.  Remind yourself that there are causes for the reality (“this is how things happened”)

4.  Practice accepting with your whole self (mind, body, spirit) - Use accepting self-talk, relaxation techniques, mindfulness and/or imagery

5.  List all of the behaviors you would engage in if you did accept the facts and then engage in those behaviors as if you have already accepted the facts

6.  Imagine, in your mind’s eye, believing what you do not want to accept and rehearse in your mind what you would do if you accepted what seems unacceptable

7.  Attend to body sensations as you think about what you need to accept

8.  Allow disappointment, sadness or grief to arise within you

9.  Acknowledge that life can be worth living even when there is pain

10.  Do pros and cons if you find yourself resisting practicing acceptance

Logo of ijpsych

2009 Oct-Dec; 51(4): 239–241.
doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285: 10.4103/0019-5545.58285
PMCID: PMC2802367
PMID: 20048445

The biochemistry of belief

Address for correspondence: Dr. TS Sathyanarayana Rao, Department of Psychiatry, JSS University, JSS Medical College Hospital, M.G. Road, Mysore - 570 004, India. E-mail: moc.oohay@91oarsst
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

“Man is what he believes”

Anton Chekhov

Beliefs are basically the guiding principles in life that provide direction and meaning in life. Beliefs are the preset, organized filters to our perceptions of the world (external and internal). Beliefs are like ‘Internal commands’ to the brain as to how to represent what is happening, when we congruently believe something to be true. In the absence of beliefs or inability to tap into them, people feel disempowered.

Beliefs originate from what we hear - and keep on hearing from others, ever since we were children (and even before that!). The sources of beliefs include environment, events, knowledge, past experiences, visualization etc. One of the biggest misconceptions people often harbor is that belief is a static, intellectual concept. Nothing can be farther from truth! Beliefs are a choice. We have the power to choose our beliefs. Our beliefs become our reality.

Beliefs are not just cold mental premises, but are ‘hot stuff’ intertwined with emotions (conscious or unconscious). Perhaps, that is why we feel threatened or react with sometimes uncalled for aggression, when we believe our beliefs are being challenged! Research findings have repeatedly pointed out that the emotional brain is no longer confined to the classical locales of the hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus.[1] The sensory inputs we receive from the environment undergo a filtering process as they travel across one or more synapses, ultimately reaching the area of higher processing, like the frontal lobes. There, the sensory information enters our conscious awareness. What portion of this sensory information enters is determined by our beliefs. Fortunately for us, receptors on the cell membranes are flexible, which can alter in sensitivity and conformation. In other words, even when we feel stuck ‘emotionally’, there is always a biochemical potential for change and possible growth. When we choose to change our thoughts (bursts of neurochemicals!), we become open and receptive to other pieces of sensory information hitherto blocked by our beliefs! When we change our thinking, we change our beliefs. When we change our beliefs, we change our behavior.

A mention of the ‘Placebo’ is most appropriate at this juncture. Medical history is replete with numerous reported cases where placebos were found to have a profound effect on a variety of disorders. One such astounding case was that of a woman suffering from severe nausea and vomiting. Objective measurements of her gastric contractions indicated a disrupted pattern matching the condition she complained of. Then a ‘new, magical, extremely potent’ drug was offered to her, which would, the doctors proclaimed, undoubtedly cure her nausea. Within a few minutes, her nausea vanished! The very same gastric tests now revealed normal pattern, when, in actuality, she had been given syrup of ipecac, a substance usually used to induce nausea! When the syrup was presented to her, paired with the strong suggestion of relief of nausea, by an authority figure, it acted as a (command) message to the brain that triggered a cascade of self-regulatory biochemical responses within the body.[2] This instance dramatically demonstrates that the influence of placebo could be more potent than expected drug effect.

An important observation was that, part of the placebo response seemed to involve the meaning of the disorder or the illness to the individual. In other words, the person's belief or how she/he interprets (inter-presents or internally represents) directly governs the biological response or behavior. Another remarkable study involved a schizophrenic. This woman was observed to have split personality. Under normal conditions, her blood glucose levels were normal. However, the moment she believed she was diabetic, her entire physiology changed to become that of a diabetic, including elevated blood glucose levels.[3]

Suggestions or symbolic messages shape beliefs that in turn affect our physical well being. Several cases of ‘Disappearance of warts’ have been reported by Ornstein and Sobel wherein they ponder on how the brain translates the suggestions (sometimes using hypnosis) into systematic biochemical battle strategies such as chemical messengers sent to enlist the aid of immune cells in an assault on the microbe-induced miniature tumor or probably small arteries are selectively constricted, cutting off the vital nutrient supply to warts but not touching the neighboring healthy cells.[2]

Findings of carefully designed research indicate that our interpretation of what we are seeing (experiencing) can literally alter our physiology. In fact, all symptoms of medicine work through our beliefs. By subtly transforming the unknown (disease/disorder) into something known, named, tamed and explained, alarm reactions in the brain can be calmed down. All therapies have a hidden, symbolic value and influence on the psyche, besides the direct specific effect they may have on the body.

Just as amazingly life-affirming placebos are, the reverse, “Nocebo' has been observed to be playing its part too. It is associated with negative, life-threatening or disempowering beliefs. Arthur Barsky, a psychiatrist states that it is the patient's expectations – beliefs whether a drug or procedure works or will have side effects – that plays a crucial role in the outcome.[4]

The biochemistry of our body stems from our awareness.[5] Belief-reinforced awareness becomes our biochemistry. Each and every tiny cell in our body is perfectly and absolutely aware of our thoughts, feelings and of course, our beliefs. There is a beautiful saying ‘Nobody grows old. When people stop growing, they become old’. If you believe you are fragile, the biochemistry of your body unquestionably obeys and manifests it. If you believe you are tough (irrespective of your weight and bone density!), your body undeniably mirrors it. When you believe you are depressed (more precisely, when you become consciously aware of your ‘Being depressed’), you stamp the raw data received through your sense organs, with a judgment – that is your personal view – and physically become the ‘interpretation’ as you internalize it. A classic example is ‘Psychosocial dwarfism’, wherein children who feel and believethat they are unloved, translate the perceived lack of love into depleted levels of growth hormone, in contrast to the strongly held view that growth hormone is released according to a preprogrammed schedule coded into the individual's genes!

Providing scientific evidence to support a holistic approach to well being and healthcare, Bruce Lipton sheds light on mechanism underlying healing at cellular level. He emphasizes that ‘love’ is the most healing emotion and ‘placebo’ effect accounts for a substantial percentage of any drug's action, underscoring the significance of beliefs in health and sickness. According to him, as adults, we still believe in and act our lives out based on information we absorbed as children (pathetic indeed!). And the good news is, we can do something about the ‘tape’ our subconscious mind is playing (ol' silly beliefs) and change them NOW.[6] Further recent literature evidences provided knowledge based on scientific principles of biology of belief. There are limited studies on clinics of traditional beliefs and if we get more scientific data, we can use these traditional systems in clinical mental health management. Human belief system is formed by all the experiences learned and experimented filtered through personality.[7] The senses to capture inner and outer perceptions have higher brain potentials. Some questions that arise in this context are, does the integration and acceptance of these perceptions result in the establishment of beliefs? Does the establishment of these beliefs depend on proof demonstrations? The proofs might be the perceptions, which we can directly see or having scientific proof or custom or faith.[8,9] Beliefs are developed as stimuli received as trusted information and stored in the memory. These perceptions are generalized and established into belief. These beliefs are involved in the moral judgment of the person. Beliefs help in decision-making. Bogousslavsky and Inglin explained that, how some physicians were more successful by taking an account of patient beliefs. Beliefs influence factors involved in the development of psychopathology. They also influence the cognitive and emotional assessment, addictiveness, responses to false positives and persistent normal defensive reactions. Total brain function is required in stabilizing the belief and in responding to environmental system. Some of the brain regions and the neural circuits are very important in establishing beliefs and executing emotions. Frontal lobes play a major role in beliefs. Mental representations of the world are integrated with sub-cortical information by prefrontal cortex. Amygdala and Hippocampus are involved in the process of thinking and thus help in execution of beliefs. NMDA receptor is involved in thinking and in the development of beliefs. These beliefs are subjected to challenge. A belief that is subjected to more challenges becomes stronger. When a new stimulus comes, it creates distress in the brain with already existing patterns. The distress results in the release of dopamine (neurotransmitter) to transmit the signal.[10,11] Research findings of Young and Saxe (2008) revealed that medial prefrontal cortex is involved in processing the belief valence.[12] Right temporoparietal junction and precuneus are involved in the processing of beliefs to moral judgment. True beliefs are processed through right temporoparietal junction.[13,14] Saxe (2006) explained that beliefs judging starts at the age of five years citing example of judging of belief questions on short stories by the children.[15] Belief attribution involved activating regions of medial prefrontal cortex, superior temporal gyri and hippocampal regions. Studies by Krummenacher et al, have shown that dopamine levels are associated with paranormal thoughts suggesting the role of dopamine in belief development in the brain.[16] Flannelly et al, illustrated on how primitive brain mechanisms that evolved to assess environmental threats in related psychiatric disorders.[17] Also were highlighted the issues such as the way beliefs can affect psychiatric symptoms through these brain systems. The theories discussed widely are related to (a) link psychiatric disorders to threat assessment and (b) explain how the normal functioning of threat assessment systems can become pathological. It is proposed that three brain structures are implicated in brain disorders in response to threat assessment and self-defense: the regions are the prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and parts of limbic system. The functionality of these regions has great potential to understand mechanism of belief formation and its relevance in neurological functions/dysfunctions. Now it is clear that biology and physiology of belief is an open area for research both at basic and clinical level. The future directions are to develop validated experimental or sound theoretical interpretation to make ‘BELIEF’ as a potential clinical management tool.

Perceptual shifts are the prerequisites for changing the belief and hence changing the biochemistry of our body favorably. Our innate desire and willingness to learn and grow lead to newer perceptions. When we consciously allow newer perceptions to enter the brain by seeking new experiences, learning new skills and changed perspectives, our body can respond in newer ways –this is the true secret of youth. Beliefs (internal representations/interpretations) thus hold the magic wand of remarkable transformations in our biochemical profile. If you are chasing joy and peace all the time everywhere but exclaim exhausted, ‘Oh, it's to be found nowhere!’, why not change your interpretation of NOWHERE to ‘NOW HERE’; just by introducing a gap, you change your awareness – that changes your belief and that changes your biochemistry in an instant!

Everything exists as a ‘Matrix of pure possibilities’ akin to ‘formless’ molten wax or moldable soft clay. We shape them into anything we desire by choosing to do so, prompted, dictated (consciously or unconsciously) by our beliefs. The awareness that we are part of these ever-changing fields of energy that constantly interact with one another is what gives us the key hitherto elusive, to unlock the immense power within us. And it is our awareness of this awesome truth that changes everything. Then we transform ourselves from passive onlookers to powerful creators. Our beliefs provide the script to write or re-write the code of our reality.

Thoughts and beliefs are an integral part of the brain's operations. Neurotransmitters could be termed the ‘words’ brain uses to communicate with exchange of information occurring constantly, mediated by these molecular messengers. Unraveling the mystery of this molecular music induced by the magic of beliefs, dramatically influencing the biochemistry of brain could be an exciting adventure and a worth pursuing cerebral challenge.


1. Candace Pert. Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York, USA: Scribner Publications; 2003. ISBN-10: 0684846349.
2. Ornstein R, Sobel D. The healing brain: Breakthrough discoveries about how the brain keeps us healthy. USA: Malor Books; 1999. ISBN-10: 1883536170.
3. Robbins A. Unlimited power: The new science of personal excellence. UK: Simon and Schuster; 1986. ISBN 0-7434-0939-6.
4. Braden G. The spontaneous healing of belief. Hay House Publishers (India) Pvt. Ltd; 2008. ISBN 978-81-89988-39-5.
5. Chopra D. Ageless body, timeless mind: The quantum alternative to growing old. Hormony Publishers; 1994. ISBN -10: 0517882124.
6. Lipton B. The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Mountain of Love Publishers; 2005. ISBN 978-0975991473.
7. Bogousslavsky J, Inglin M. Beliefs and the brain. Eur Neurol. 2007;58:129–32. [PubMed: 17622716]
8. Gundersen L. Faith and healing. Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:169–72. [PubMed: 10644287]
9. Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: Implications for clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001;76:1225–35. [PubMed: 11761504]
10. Patel AD, Peretz I, Tramo M, Labreque R. Processing prosodic and musical patterns: A neuropsychological investigation. Brain Lang. 1998;61:123–44. [PubMed: 9448936]
11. Tramo MJ. Biology and music. Music of the hemispheres. Science. 2001;291:54–6. [PubMed: 11192009]
12. Young L, Saxe R. The neural basis of belief encoding and integration in moral judgment. Neuroimage. 2008;40:1912–20. [PubMed: 18342544]
13. Aichhorn M, Perner J, Weiss B, Kronbichler M, Staffen W, Ladurner G. Temporo-parietal junction activity in theory-of-mind tasks: Falseness, beliefs, or attention. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009;21:1179–92. [PubMed: 18702587]
14. Abraham A, Rakoczy H, Werning M, von Cramon DY, Schubotz RI. Matching mind to world and vice versa: Functional dissociations between belief and desire mental state processing. Soc Neurosci. 2009;1:18. [PubMed: 19670085]
15. Saxe R. Why and how to study Theory of Mind with fMRI. Brain Res. 2006;1079:57–65. [PubMed: 16480695]
16. Krummenacher P, Mohr C, Haker H, Brugger P. Dopamine, paranormal belief, and the detection of meaningful stimuli. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jun 30; [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed: 19642883]
17. Flannelly KJ, Koenig HG, Galek K, Ellison CG. Beliefs, mental health, and evolutionary threat assessment systems in the brain. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007;195:996–1003. [PubMed: 18091193]

Articles from Indian Journal of Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of Wolters Kluwer -- Medknow Publications

HRPacing ...


Heart Rate Pacing is a technique used to stay within ones energy reserves. The anaerobic threshold (AT) is the heart rate at which aerobic energy surges. The threshold is often around about 60% of a ones maximum heart rate, though each person is different and an individual's threshold may vary from day to day or within a day.

(Note: Maximum heart rate is 220 minus ones age. For a 50 year old, 60% of maximum heart rate is (220 - 50) x 0.6 = 102 bpm.)


* Changes colour to indicate:

- Resting - (REST) Lavender

- Recovery (RECOVER) - Green (RHR + 10%)

- Exertion (EXERT) - Orange (RHR + 20%)

- Anaerobic Threshold (AT) - Red ((220-50)x0.6)

* Set an alert based on:

- reaching Anaerobic Threshold Zone, or

- custom set Maximum Heart Rate.

* Set the Anaerobic Threshold Tolerance from 0.6 (default) to 0.5 if desired.

* Set a custom interval between alerts (15 secs default).

* Displays 12/24 hour clock based on user settings in Fitbit profile.

cognitive deficits in patients with ME/CFS …

where is the …

[give_form id="3285"]


I am gathering together a living list of people with ME

you can view the list by going to ‘ME list …’ and clicking on each initial
the list is ordered alphabetically, by christian name

you can add your name to the list by going to ‘ME lis (submission) …
and submitting your details along with an image

help me fund my ME treatment ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for the introductory workshop by donating £65

you can pay for an individual care plan by donating £71

you can pay for a monthly session by donating £71

you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical review by donating £121

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

you can pay for the individual assessment by donating £141

you can pay for a medical assessment by donating £187

Thank you very much !

help me fund my assessment treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for a medical assessment by donating £187

you can pay for an initial assessment by donating £141

you can pay for a medical review by donating £121

Thank you very much !

help me fund my preparation for rehabilitation treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for the introductory workshop by donating £65

you can pay for an individual care plan by donating £71

Thank you very much !

help me fund my rehabilitation treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for a monthly session by donating £71

Thank you very much !

help me fund my follow up treatments ...

... help me fund my ME treatment ...

you can choose to donate as much or as little by sliding the slider along

you can pay for an individual progression plan by donating £71

you can pay for a medical follow up by donating £121

Thank you very much !

… duplicitous …

duplicitous …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

summary of the 5 major diagnostic criteria from 1988 onwards …

Skip to content